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Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), isolated 30 years ago, is a multifunctional cytokine playing a key role in apoptosis and cell survival as well as in inflammation and immunity. Although named for its antitumor properties, TNF has been implicated in a wide spectrum of other diseases. The current use of TNF in cancer is in the regional treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Creatine Kinases (CK) catalyze the reversible transfer of high-energy phosphate groups between ATP and phosphocreatine, thereby playing a storage and distribution role in cellular energetics. Brain-type CK (CK-B) deficiency is coupled to loss of function in neural cell circuits, altered bone-remodeling by osteoclasts and complement-mediated(More)
Addition of high-dose tumor necrosis factor-alpha to melphalan-based isolated limb perfusion enhances anti-tumor effects impressively. Unfortunately, the mechanism of action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha is still not fully understood. Here, we investigated the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha on the tumor microenvironment and on secondary(More)
Liposomes are potent nanocarriers to deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumors. However, the inefficient drug release hinders their application. Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) can release drugs upon heat. This study aims to identify the optimum 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-PEG(2000) (DSPE-PEG(2000)) concentration in stealth TSL to(More)
Angiogenesis is a key process in the growth and metastasis of a tumor. Disrupting this process is considered a promising treatment strategy. Therefore, a drug delivery system specifically aiming at angiogenic tumor endothelial cells was developed. Alpha v beta 3-integrins are overexpressed on actively proliferating endothelium and represent a possible(More)
Liposome mediated anticancer drug delivery has the advantage of reducing cytotoxicity in healthy tissues. However, undesired slow drug release impedes the therapeutic efficacy of clinically applied PEG-liposomal doxorubicin (Dox). The aim of this study is to combine stealth thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) and local mild hyperthermia (HT) to increase(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown how tumor response of isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with melphalan was improved when tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) was added. Taking into account that other vasoactive drugs could also improve tumor response to ILP, we evaluated histamine (Hi) as an alternative to TNF-alpha. METHODS We used a rat ILP model to(More)
Ras mutations are present in 40-50% of colorectal cancers. Inactivating this oncogene may therefore reduce proliferation capacity. In order to target ras we studied the transduction efficacy and anti tumour activity of an adenoviral vector expressing an intracellular, neutralizing single chain antibody to p21-ras (Y28). In in vitro studies transfection(More)
BACKGROUND Polyphenols in red wine are supposed to improve endothelial function. We investigated whether daily red wine consumption improves in-vivo vascular function by reducing endothelin-1 (ET-1). Additional pathways mediating this effect were studied using porcine coronary arteries (PCAs). METHODS Eighteen young healthy women drank red wine daily for(More)
Isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with melphalan is effective in the treatment of small multiple melanoma intransit metastases and is utilized widely for this indication. The treatment is much less effective against bulky melanoma metastases and has uniformly failed in the treatment of irresectable extremity soft tissue sarcomas. The addition of tumor-necrosis(More)