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BACKGROUND Creatine Kinases (CK) catalyze the reversible transfer of high-energy phosphate groups between ATP and phosphocreatine, thereby playing a storage and distribution role in cellular energetics. Brain-type CK (CK-B) deficiency is coupled to loss of function in neural cell circuits, altered bone-remodeling by osteoclasts and complement-mediated(More)
Liposomes are potent nanocarriers to deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumors. However, the inefficient drug release hinders their application. Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) can release drugs upon heat. This study aims to identify the optimum 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-PEG(2000) (DSPE-PEG(2000)) concentration in stealth TSL to(More)
Breast cancer has for long been recognized as a highly diverse tumor group, but the underlying genetic basis has been elusive. Here, we report an extensive molecular characterization of a collection of 41 human breast cancer cell lines. Protein and gene expression analyses indicated that the collection of breast cancer cell lines has retained most, if not(More)
Angiogenesis is a key process in the growth and metastasis of a tumor. Disrupting this process is considered a promising treatment strategy. Therefore, a drug delivery system specifically aiming at angiogenic tumor endothelial cells was developed. Alpha v beta 3-integrins are overexpressed on actively proliferating endothelium and represent a possible(More)
Liposome mediated anticancer drug delivery has the advantage of reducing cytotoxicity in healthy tissues. However, undesired slow drug release impedes the therapeutic efficacy of clinically applied PEG-liposomal doxorubicin (Dox). The aim of this study is to combine stealth thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) and local mild hyperthermia (HT) to increase(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown how tumor response of isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with melphalan was improved when tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) was added. Taking into account that other vasoactive drugs could also improve tumor response to ILP, we evaluated histamine (Hi) as an alternative to TNF-alpha. METHODS We used a rat ILP model to(More)
Addition of high-dose tumor necrosis factor-alpha to melphalan-based isolated limb perfusion enhances anti-tumor effects impressively. Unfortunately, the mechanism of action of tumor necrosis factor-alpha is still not fully understood. Here, we investigated the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha on the tumor microenvironment and on secondary(More)
BACKGROUND Polyphenols in red wine are supposed to improve endothelial function. We investigated whether daily red wine consumption improves in-vivo vascular function by reducing endothelin-1 (ET-1). Additional pathways mediating this effect were studied using porcine coronary arteries (PCAs). METHODS Eighteen young healthy women drank red wine daily for(More)
For amphiphilic anticancer drugs, such as the anthracyclin doxorubicin (Dox), uptake by tumor cells involves slow diffusion across the plasma membrane, a limiting factor in clinical oncology. Previously, we discovered that preinsertion of short-chain sphingolipids such as N-octanoyl-glucosylceramide (GC) in the tumor cell membrane enhances cellular Dox(More)
Traditionally, the goal of nanoparticle-based chemotherapy has been to decrease normal tissue toxicity by improving drug specificity to tumors. The enhanced permeability and retention effect can permit passive accumulation into tumor interstitium. However, suboptimal delivery is achieved with most nanoparticles because of heterogeneities of vascular(More)