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BACKGROUND Anterior communicating artery complex is the most frequent site of intracranial aneurysms in most reported series. Anterior communicating artery aneurysms are the most complex aneurysms of the anterior circulation due to the angioarchitecture and flow dynamics of the ACoA region, frequent anatomical variations, deep interhemispheric location, and(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed ischemic neurologic deficit (DIND) is a serious complication of acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Although oral nimodipine is accepted as standard care for the prevention of DIND, the intravenous route is preferred by several centers. In the present study we compared the clinical efficacy between enteral and intravenous(More)
Microneurosurgical techniques introduced by Prof Yasargil in the 1960s have increased the neurosurgeon's ability to operate in small and often very narrow and deep gaps. Microneurosurgical techniques-ensuring an almost bloodless field and mostly obviating need for transfusion-should be atraumatic and noninvasive to the already lesioned central nervous(More)
BACKGROUND Distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms originate from branches of MCA distal to its main bifurcation or the peripheral branches. Distal middle cerebral artery aneurysms are the least frequently seen among the middle cerebral artery aneurysms. The purpose of this article is to review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of(More)
BACKGROUND Of the MCA aneurysms, those located at the main bifurcation of the MCA (MbifA) are by far the most frequent. The purpose of this article is to review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and clipping of MbifAs. METHODS This review, and the whole series on intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND The M1As are located in the main trunk (M1) of the MCA, between the bifurcation of the ICA and the main bifurcation of M1. Proximal MCA aneurysms are often small and thin-walled, which makes their proper clipping tedious. There are few reports on their microsurgery. METHODS This review, and the whole series on intracranial aneurysms, is mainly(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysms originating from the proximal segment of anterior cerebral artery (A1As) are rare, forming less than 1% of all IAs. There are only few reports on microneurosurgical management of A1As. In this article, the authors review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim was to elucidate the incidence and risk factors of epilepsy after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from saccular intracranial aneurysm (sIA) in a population-based cohort. METHODS The Kuopio sIA Database (www.uef.fi/ns) includes all unruptured and ruptured sIA cases admitted to the Kuopio University Hospital from its defined catchment(More)
INTRODUCTION Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may damage the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis and disturb cortisol metabolism. There are no available data that relates to the response of the HPA axis in the acute phase of SAH. We aimed to characterise the behavior of serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), total cortisol, stimulated total(More)
INTRODUCTION Cognitive impairment after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is frequently detected. Here, we describe the pattern of cerebral (gray matter) atrophy and its clinical relevance after treatment of aSAH caused by a ruptured anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysm. METHODS Thirty-seven aSAH patients with ACA aneurysm (17 surgical, 20(More)