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Homozygosity for the Splotch mutation causes neural tube and neural crest defects in mice. It has been demonstrated that Splotch mutant mice carry mutations in the homeodomain of the Pax-3 gene. Pax-3 is expressed in the neural tube, some neural crest derivatives, the mesenchyme of the limb bud and the somites. We have examined the development of the(More)
The development of the forebrain in homozygous extra-toes mutants (Xt/Xt) was examined histologically from day 11.5 to day 16.5 of gestation. It is shown that until day 16.5 of gestation, the forebrains of Xt/Xt mutant embryos develop neither an olfactory bulb nor a choroid plexus in the lateral ventricles, and do not exhibit lamination in the cerebral(More)
Mouse embryos, homozygous for mutations at the Splotch locus, are afflicted with spina bifida and disturbances of neural-crest-derived tissues, e.g. spinal ganglia and pigment cells. The development of Schwann cells is affected in homozygotes to a varying degree along the rostrocaudal axis. In cervical motoric roots, nerves are associated with apparently(More)
Mice homozygous for the Extra-toes mutation (Xt/Xt) die perinatally with multiple malformations involving the brain, the eye, the nasal mucosa, the face and the skeleton. We have investigated the development of the eye defect in Xt/Xt embryos until late gestation In early midgestation, three classes of homozygotes can be identified: some form an apparently(More)
Transgenic mice carrying the human cytomegalovirus immediate early gene promoter driving the E. coli lacZ gene displayed an unusual cell specific expression of beta-galactosidase during development. LacZ expression was first detected in cells lining the apex of the neural fold of day 8.5 embryos. By day 10 of gestation, expression was prominent in the(More)
The topogenesis of the hindlimb nerves of Splotch homozygous mutant mouse embryos was studied using light and electron microscopy. Homozygous mutants show multiple defects of neural crest-derived tissues. The defects increase along a rostro-caudal gradient. The cervical and upper thoracic segments have small spinal ganglia, and Schwann cells are associated(More)
We have reinvestigated the neural crest defect of Splotch (Sp1H) mutant embryos using the tissue specific expression of lacZ by the HCMV-IEP-lacZ (CMZ) transgene as a marker. The CMZ transgene was backcrossed onto the Sp1H mutant background, which has been shown to carry mutations in the Pax-3 gene. The CMZ transgene has previously been shown to be(More)
Knitted textiles have been used in medical applications due to their high flexibility and low tendency to fray. Their mechanics has, however, received limited attention compared to woven fabrics used as technical textiles e.g. in aerospace and as composite reinforcements. A constitutive model for soft tissue using a strain energy function was extended, by(More)
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