Timo Fischer

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Alterations in signalling via the Raf/MEK/ERK pathway interfere with influenza A virus replication in cell culture. While virus yields are reduced in cells expressing dominant-negative Raf or ERK, virus propagation is enhanced upon expression of constitutively active Raf or MEK. To study the impact of active Raf on influenza virus propagation in vivo, we(More)
The induction of porcine cytokines, which are believed to be important for the regulation of T helper (Th)1- and Th2-specific immune responses of pigs, was analysed after in vitro restimulation with a herpesvirus, Suid herpes 1 (pseudorabies virus [PRV]), in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). To this end, quantitative, competitive reverse(More)
Orf virus (ORFV; Parapoxvirus ovis) was used to develop a novel vector system for the generation of effective and safe live vaccines. Based on the attenuated ORFV strain D1701-V, recombinants were produced that express the glycoproteins gC (D1701-VrVgC) or gD (D1701-VrVgD) of the alphaherpesvirus of swine, pseudorabies virus (PRV). Expression of gC and gD(More)
The Parapoxvirus Orf virus represents a promising candidate for novel vector vaccines due to its immune modulating properties even in nonpermissive hosts such as mouse or rat. The highly attenuated Orf virus strain D1701 was used to generate a recombinant virus (D1701-VrVp40) expressing nucleoprotein p40 of Borna disease virus, which represents a major(More)
The present study demonstrates the protective potential of a novel prime-boost vaccination strategy of pigs against lethal Pseudorabies virus (PRV; Herpes suid 1) infection. Animals were primed with Sindbis virus-derived plasmids that express viral glycoproteins gC and gD (gC- and gD-pSIN) and subsequently booster immunized with Orf virus (ORFV;(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV) can persistently infect the central nervous system and induce CD8+ T-cell-mediated neurological disease in MRL mice. To determine whether specific immune priming would prevent disease, a prime-boost immunization protocol was established in which intramuscular injection of a recombinant parapoxvirus expressing BDV nucleoprotein(More)
It has recently been shown that adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP) is released together with glutamate from sensory axons in the olfactory bulb, where it stimulates calcium signaling in glial cells, while responses in identified neurons to ATP have not been recorded in the olfactory bulb yet. We used photolysis of caged ATP to elicit a rapid rise in ATP and(More)
For in vivo determination of innate and memory immune reactions we have implanted sterile gelatin sponges subcutaneously in swine for the monitoring of the following immunological parameters: 1. Analysis of local cell population phenotypes after vascularization of the gelatin sponges using flow cytometry. 2. Comparative analysis of sponge-infiltrating cells(More)
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