Learn More
Patent trolls—firms that appropriate profits from innovation by enforcing patents against infringers—are peculiar players on markets for technologies. As buyers of patents, they are solely interested in the exclusion right, not in the underlying knowledge. Similarly, when they sell or license out patents, the transaction does not involve a technology(More)
It has recently been shown that adenosine-5′-triphosphate (ATP) is released together with glutamate from sensory axons in the olfactory bulb, where it stimulates calcium signaling in glial cells, while responses in identified neurons to ATP have not been recorded in the olfactory bulb yet. We used photolysis of caged ATP to elicit a rapid rise in ATP and(More)
Working papers are in draft form. This working paper is distributed for purposes of comment and discussion only. It may not be reproduced without permission of the copyright holder. Copies of working papers are available from the author. Abstract The existing theory of modularity explains how modular designs create value. We extend this theory to address(More)
Borna disease virus (BDV) can persistently infect the central nervous system and induce CD8+ T-cell-mediated neurological disease in MRL mice. To determine whether specific immune priming would prevent disease, a prime-boost immunization protocol was established in which intramuscular injection of a recombinant parapoxvirus expressing BDV nucleoprotein(More)
  • 1