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AIMS To document accurately the amount of quitting, length of quit attempts and prevalence of plans and serious thought about quitting among smokers. DESIGN We used longitudinal data from 7 waves of the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Four Country Survey (ITC-4). We considered point-prevalence data and cumulative prevalence over the 7(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the links between health warning labels (WLs) on cigarette packets and relapse among recently quit smokers. DESIGN Prospective longitudinal cohort survey. SETTING Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA. PARTICIPANTS 1936 recent ex-smokers (44.4% male) from one of the first six waves (2002-2007) of the International Tobacco(More)
INTRODUCTION Randomized, controlled trials typically indicate stop-smoking medications (SSMs: e.g., Varenicline, Bupropion, and over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapies) to be effective, whereas cross-sectional community-based studies have found them to be less effective, ineffective, or even associated with higher risk of relapse. Consequently, some(More)
INTRODUCTION Most smokers have a history of unsuccessful quit attempts. This study used data from 7 waves (2002-2009) of the International Tobacco Control 4-country cohort study to examine the role of smokers' quitting history (e.g., recency, length, and number of previous quit attempts) on their subsequent likelihood of making a quit attempt and achieving(More)
BACKGROUND Plain packaging (PP) for tobacco products was fully implemented in Australia on 1 December 2012 along with larger graphic health warnings. Using longitudinal data from the Australian arm of the ITC Four Country Survey, we examined attitudes to the new packs before and after implementation, predictors of attitudinal change, and the relationship(More)
This study explored the association between six "micro indicators" of concern about smoking (1. stubbing out cigarettes before finishing; 2. forgoing cigarettes due to packet warning labels; thinking about... 3. the harms to oneself of smoking; 4. the harms to others of one's smoking; 5. the bad conduct of tobacco companies; and 6. money spent on(More)
BACKGROUND Negative attitudes to smoking are well-established predictors of intentions to quit and quit behaviours, but less attention has been given to whether quitting is influenced by smoking-related thoughts and microbehaviours that reflect a concern about smoking. OBJECTIVES This paper aimed to describe the occurrence of smoking-related thoughts and(More)
INTRODUCTION Area-level indicators of socio-economic variation are frequently included in models of individual health outcomes. Area disadvantage is linearly related to smoking prevalence, but its relation to cessation outcomes is less well understood. AIMS To explore the relationship between area-level disadvantage and prospective data on smoking(More)
INTRODUCTION E-cigarette regulations are the topic of extensive debate. Approaches vary worldwide, and limited evidence is available on public support for specific policies or what influences support. The present study aimed to assess smokers' and ex-smokers' support for 3 e-cigarette policies: (1) equal or higher availability relative to cigarettes, (2)(More)
INTRODUCTION In December 2008, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) took action that prompted the removal of nicotine and tar listings from cigarette packs and ads. As of June 2010, the US Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act prohibited the use of explicit or implicit descriptors on tobacco packaging or in advertising that convey messages of(More)