Tim van Emmerik

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Microwave backscatter from vegetated surfaces is influenced by vegetation structure and vegetation water content (VWC), which varies with meteorological conditions and moisture in the root zone. Radar backscatter observations are used for many vegetation and soil moisture monitoring applications under the assumption that VWC is constant on short timescales.(More)
Competition for water between humans and ecosystems is set to become a flash point in the coming decades in many parts of the world. An entirely new and comprehensive quantitative framework is needed to establish a holistic understanding of that competition, thereby enabling the development of effective mediation strategies. This paper presents a modeling(More)
Radar backscatter from a vegetated surface is sensitive to direct backscatter from the canopy and two-way attenuation of the signal as it travels through the canopy. Both mechanisms are affected by the dielectric properties of the individual elements of the canopy, which are primarily a function of water content. Leaf water content of corn can change(More)
The hydrological decade on Predictions in Ungauged Basins (PUB) led to many new insights in model development, calibration strategies, data acquisition and uncertainty analysis. Due to a limited amount of published studies on genuinely ungauged basins, model validation and realism assessment of model outcome has not been discussed to a great extent. With(More)
Trees play a crucial role in the water, carbon and nitrogen cycle on local, regional and global scales. Understanding the exchange of momentum, heat, water, and CO 2 between trees and the atmosphere is important to assess the impact of drought, deforestation and climate change. Unfortunately, ground measurements of tree properties such as mass and canopy(More)
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria Department of Physical Geography, Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 2, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands 10 Joint Research Center, European Commission, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, I 21027 Ispra, Italy Center for Ocean–Land–Atmosphere Studies, George Mason University,(More)
Over recent decades, the global population has been rapidly increasing and human activities have altered terrestrial water fluxes to an unprecedented extent. The phenomenal growth of the human footprint has significantly modified hydrological processes in various ways (e.g. irrigation, artificial dams, and water diversion) and at various scales (from a(More)
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