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MAPK signal transduction modules play crucial roles in regulating many biological processes in plants, and their components are encoded by highly conserved genes. The recent availability of genome sequences for rice and poplar now makes it possible to examine how well the previously described Arabidopsis MAPK and MAPKK gene family structures represent the(More)
Among plant defense responses to pathogen attack, the release of active oxygen species (AOS), termed the oxidative burst, may affect the attacking pathogen and the host plant cells at the infection site, thereby limiting the spread of the pathogen. Plasma membrane-associated NADPH oxidase represents a key enzyme in mediating the oxidative burst. The(More)
A mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) gene, tMEK2, was isolated from tomato cv. Bonny Best. By mutagenesis, a permanently active variant, tMEK2 MUT, was created. Both wild-type tMEK2 and mutant tMEK2 MUT were driven by a newly described strong plant constitutive promoter, tCUP, in a tomato protoplast transient gene expression system.(More)
A rice CDPK gene, OsCDPK14 (AY144497), was cloned from developing caryopses of rice (Oryza sativa cv. Zhonghua 15). Its cDNA sequence (1922 bp) contains an ORF encoding a 514 amino acids protein (56.7kD, pl 5.18). OsCDPK14 shows the typical structural features of the CDPK family, including a conserved catalytic Ser/Thr kinase domain, an autoinhibitory(More)
The Arabidopsis HD2 family of histone deacetylases consist of 4 members (HD2A, HD2B, HD2C, HD2D) that play diverse roles in plant development and physiology through chromatin remodelling. Here, we show that the transcripts of HD2 family members selectively accumulate in response to glucose through a HXK1-independent signal transduction pathway during the(More)
Phosphorylation is an effective method of post-translational protein modification but understanding its significance is hindered by its biological complexity. Many protein kinases and phosphatases have been identified that connect signal perception mechanisms to plant defence responses. Recent studies of mitogen-activated protein kinases, calcium-dependent(More)
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