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BACKGROUND Early clinical contact for medical students is an important curricular innovation. We wished to determine if early contact with older people in the second year of a more vertically integrated medical undergraduate programme influenced attitudes to older people and if any effect was synergistic with the effect of an existing fourth year course. (More)
BACKGROUND The number of medical programmes targeted at graduates is increasing and there are reports of beneficial outcomes. However, many new graduate medical schools have simultaneously changed their admission criteria and curricula. This study aimed to determine whether there were differences between graduates and undergraduates on the same medical(More)
This study investigates clinical outcomes and the degree of compliance in patients who received advice on dysphagia management and the effect of the level of compliance on the incidence of chest infections and aspiration pneumonia, cause of death, and hospital readmission. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 140 patients who had videofluoroscopic(More)
AIMS To establish the incidence, time course and risk factors of hyponatraemia complicating treatment with fluoxetine or paroxetine in an elderly population. METHODS Retrospective descriptive and case control study in an inpatient/outpatient assessment and rehabilitation service for people aged 65 years and over. Fourteen elderly patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The use of portfolios can potentially provide flexibility in the summative assessment of doctors in practice. An assessment system should reflect and reinforce the active and planned professional development goals of individual doctors. This paper discusses some of the issues involved in developing such a system. RESULTS To provide a complete(More)
The significance of subclinical thiamine deficiency in the elderly was determined by assessing response to thiamine supplementation in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty-five of 222 people aged > or = 65 y had two concentrations of erythrocyte thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) < 140 nmol/L 3 mo apart and 41 other people had the first,(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM The risks of recurrent intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) vary widely (0-24%). Patients with ICH also have risk factors for ischaemic stroke (IS) and a proportion of ICH survivors re-present with an IS. This dilemma has implications for prophylactic treatment. This study aims to determine the risk of recurrent stroke events (both ICH and IS)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of an activity programme in improving function, quality of life, and falls in older people in residential care. DESIGN Cluster randomised controlled trial with one year follow-up. SETTING 41 low level dependency residential care homes in New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS 682 people aged 65 years or over. INTERVENTIONS(More)
It has been found previously that the investigation and treatment of osteoporosis following a fracture is poor, with only 9% of older people after a fracture being on effective osteoporosis treatment. To improve this aspect of post-fracture care in older people, a protocol has been instituted on an orthogeriatric rehabilitation ward in Christchurch, New(More)
BACKGROUND Marking of multiple choice type examinations often just takes account of the correct responses. This may encourage guessing of incorrect and potentially unsafe responses. Ideally responses should contain a high proportion of correct, unsafe and the use of 'don't know' response rather than incorrect. AIM This study explored the effect of(More)