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Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized by obesity, retinopathy, polydactyly, and congenital anomalies. The incidence of hypertension and diabetes are also increased in BBS patients. Mutation of 16 genes independently causes BBS, and seven BBS proteins form the BBSome that promotes ciliary membrane elongation. BBS3 (ARL6), an(More)
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a pleiotropic and genetically heterozygous disorder caused independently by numerous genes (BBS1-BBS17). Seven highly conserved BBS proteins (BBS1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8 and 9) form a complex known as the BBSome, which functions in ciliary membrane biogenesis. BBS7 is both a unique subunit of the BBSome and displays direct physical(More)
Typical panel data models make use of the assumption that the regression parameters are the same for each individual cross sectional unit. We propose tests for slope heterogeneity in panel data models. Our tests are based on the conditional Gaussian likelihood function in order to avoid the incidental parameters problem induced by the inclusion of(More)
A case of dysphagia and dyspnea secondary to compression of the esophagus and the trachea by an aberrant right subclavian artery is presented. As the pathology of the aberrant right subclavian artery is extremely diverse, the diagnosis without radiologic investigation is hardly feasible. Conventional angiography of the aortic arch may be avoided by(More)
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