Tim T. Lambers

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TRPV5 and TRPV6 are members of the superfamily of transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and facilitate Ca(2+) influx in a variety of epithelial cells. The activity of these Ca(2+) channels is tightly controlled by the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in close vicinity to the channel mouth. The molecular mechanism underlying the Ca(2+)-dependent(More)
In Ca(2+)-transporting epithelia, calbindin-D(28K) (CaBP(28K)) facilitates Ca(2+) diffusion from the luminal Ca(2+) entry side of the cell to the basolateral side, where Ca(2+) is extruded into the extracellular compartment. Simultaneously, CaBP(28K) provides protection against toxic high Ca(2+) levels by buffering the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid channels 5 and 6 (TRPV5/6) are the most Ca2+-selective channels within the TRP superfamily of ion channels. These epithelial Ca2+ channels are regulated at different intra- and extracellular sites by the feedback response of Ca2+ itself, calciotropic hormones, and by TRPV5/6-associated proteins. In the present(More)
Extracellular pH has long been known to affect the rate and magnitude of ion transport processes among others via regulation of ion channel activity. The Ca(2+)-selective transient receptor potential vanilloid 5 (TRPV5) channel constitutes the apical entry gate in Ca(2+)-transporting cells, contributing significantly to the overall Ca(2+) balance. Here, we(More)
Ca2+ homeostasis is an important factor, which is underlined by the numerous clinical symptoms that involve Ca2+ deficiencies. The overall Ca2+ balance is maintained by the concerted action of Ca2+ absorption in the intestine, reabsorption in the kidney, and exchange from bone, which are all under the control of the calciotropic hormones that are released(More)
The epithelial Ca(2+) channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 constitute the apical Ca(2+) entry pathway in the process of active Ca(2+) (re)absorption. By yeast two-hybrid and glutathione S-transferase pulldown analysis we identified RGS2 as a novel TRPV6-associated protein. RGS proteins determine the inactivation kinetics of heterotrimeric G-protein-coupled receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Pea protein (from Pisum sativum) is under consideration as a sustainable, satiety-inducing food ingredient. OBJECTIVE In the current study, pea-protein-induced physiological signals relevant to satiety were characterized in vitro via gastric digestion kinetics and in vivo by monitoring post-meal gastrointestinal hormonal responses in rats. (More)
Prompted by the accumulating evidence on bioactive moieties of milk-derived peptides, novel methods were applied to compare the peptide composition among commercially available hydrolysate formulations and to determine batch-to-batch variations of protein hydrolysate products. Despite the availability of general methods to measure, for example, the degree(More)
The bovine milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) contains several antimicrobial components with proven efficacy in vitro, but in vivo evidence is scarce. The present study was performed to determine the efficacy of the bovine MFGM in vivo. Rats were fed diets based on bovine skimmed milk powder (low in MFGM) or bovine sweet buttermilk powder (high in MFGM).(More)
In the intestinal mucosa, retinoic acid (RA) is a critical signaling molecule. RA is derived from dietary vitamin A (retinol) through conversion by aldehyde dehydrogenases (aldh). Reduced levels of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are associated with pathological microbial dysbiosis, inflammatory disease, and allergy. We hypothesized that SCFAs contribute to(More)