Tim S Crawford

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Although a substantial number of research projects have addressed music information retrieval over the past three decades, the field is still very immature. Few of these projects involve complex (polyphonic) music; methods for evaluation are at a very primitive stage of development; none of the projects tackles the problem of realistically large-scale(More)
This paper extends the familiar “query by humming” music retrieval framework into the polyphonic realm. As humming in multiple voices is quite difficult, the task is more accurately described as “query by audio example”, onto a collection of scores. To our knowledge, we are the first to use polyphonic audio queries to retrieve from polyphonic symbolic(More)
We present MSM, a new maximal subset matching algorithm, for MIR at score level with polyphonic texts and patterns. First, we argue that the problem MSM and its ancestors, the SIA family of algorithms, solve is 3SUM-hard and, therefore, subquadratic solutions must involve approximation. MSM is such a solution; we describe it, and argue that, at O(n log n)(More)
In this paper a number of issues relating to the application of string processing techniques on musical sequences are discussed. A brief survey of some musical string processing algorithms is given and some issues of melodic representation, abstraction, segmentation and categorisation are presented. This paper is not intended towards providing solutions to(More)
The International Symposium on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR) was born on 13 August 1999. This paper expresses the opinions of three of ISMIR’s founders as they reflect upon what has happened during its first decade. The paper provides the background context for the events that led to the establishment of ISMIR. We highlight the first ISMIR, held in(More)
Genre definition and attribution is generally considered to be subjective. This makes evaluation of any genrelabelling system intrinsically difficult, as the ground-truth against which it is compared is based upon subjective responses, with little inter-participant consensus. This paper presents a novel method of analysing the results of a genre-labelling(More)
In this paper we present an experiment on automatic detection of phonation modes from recordings of sustained sung vowels. We created an open dataset specifically for this experiment, containing recordings of nine vowels from multiple languages, sung by a female singer on all pitches in her vocal range in phonation modes breathy, neutral, flow (resonant)(More)
Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 grows photoautotrophically across a broad pH range, but wild-type cultures reach a higher density at elevated pH; however, photoheterotrophic growth is similar at high and neutral pH. A number of PSII mutants each lacking at least one lumenal extrinsic protein, and carrying a second PSII lumenal mutation, are able to grow(More)