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Changes of cytosolic free Ca2+ [( Ca2+]i) in response to receptor activation were studied at the single cell level by using digital imaging fluorescence microscopy of fura-2-loaded primary cultured hepatocytes. In response to phenylephrine and vasopressin, individual hepatocytes displayed dose-dependent oscillations of [Ca2+]i similar to those observed in(More)
The ability of ethanol to interfere with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-mediated cell survival was examined in primary cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Cells underwent apoptosis when switched from medium containing 25 mM K+ to one containing 5 mM K+. IGF-1 protected granule neurons from apoptosis in medium containing 5 mM K+. Ethanol inhibited(More)
Digital imaging fluorescence microscopy of fura-2-loaded hepatocytes in primary culture has been used to examine the changes of cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in response to receptor activation by alpha 1-adrenergic agonists and vasopressin at the subcellular level. Agonist-induced Ca2+ oscillations did not occur synchronously within the cell but originated(More)
Primary cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons underwent apoptosis when switched from medium containing 25 mM K+ to one containing 5 mM K+. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) protected granule neurons from apoptosis in medium containing 5 mM K+. Inhibition of apoptosis by NMDA was blocked by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) inhibitor LY294002, but(More)
The mechanisms underlying agonist-induced oscillations in intracellular free calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) in hepatocytes were investigated by utilizing tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) as a tool to perturb hepatocyte Ca2+ homeostasis independent of receptor activation. In permeabilized hepatocytes, TBHP inhibited Ca2+ uptake into the inositol(More)
Cellular oscillations of cytosolic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) have been observed in many cell types in response to cell surface receptor agonists acting through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3). In a number of cases where appropriate spatial and temporal resolution have been used to examine these [Ca2+]i oscillations, they have been found to be organized as(More)
The liver is a major target for both short- and long-term actions of ethanol. The mechanisms that mediate the response of cells and tissues to chronic intake of ethanol are unknown, but it is likely that both adaptive and deleterious responses are triggered by short-term interactions of the cell with ethanol. Cellular signaling processes are candidates to(More)
Treatment of hepatocytes with agonists which act via the second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3), results in increases of cytosolic free Ca2+ [( Ca2+]i) which are manifest as a series of discrete [Ca2+]i transients or oscillations. With increasing agonist dose [Ca2+]i oscillation frequency increases and the initial latent period(More)
The ability of alcohols to regulate inositol lipid-specific phospholipase C (phosphoinositidase C) was examined in turkey erythrocyte ghosts prepared by cell lysis of erythrocytes which were prelabeled with [3H] inositol. Guanosine 5'-[gamma-thiotriphosphate] GTP[S] stimulated the production of both [3H]inositol bisphosphate (18-fold) and [3H]inositol(More)
Hepatocytes respond to inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3)-linked agonists with frequency-modulated oscillations in the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i), that occur as waves propagating from a specific origin within each cell. The subcellular distribution and functional organization of InsP3-sensitive Ca2+ pools has been investigated, in(More)