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AIMS To investigate the effectiveness of additional substrate modification (SM) by left atrial (LA) linear lesions as compared with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) alone in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) in a prospective randomized study. Percutaneous PVI has evolved as an accepted treatment for paroxysmal AF but seemed to be less(More)
Focal AF is frequently triggered by ectopic beats mostly originating from the pulmonary veins (PVs). So far, the morphological substrate for this entity is not well defined. Therefore, the distribution of myocardial cells within the PV were examined as potential target sites for RF application. The PVs (118) of 30 human autopsied hearts (age of death 63 +/-(More)
INTRODUCTION Currently, definition of success following atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation is commonly based on the lack of symptoms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between symptoms and the underlying rhythm after AF ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty consecutive patients (pts) were treated for paroxysmal episodes of AF by(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophils and monocytes are centrally linked to vascular inflammatory disease, and leukocyte-derived myeloperoxidase (MPO) has emerged as an important mechanistic participant in impaired vasomotor function. MPO binds to and transcytoses endothelial cells in a glycosaminoglycan-dependent manner, and MPO binding to the vessel wall is a(More)
INTRODUCTION Three-dimensional electroanatomic (CARTO) activation mapping of the cavotricuspid isthmus can be helpful to guide atrial flutter ablation, but to date has not been investigated in comparison to conventional strategies. The aim of the present study was to assess the efficacy of the CARTO navigation system, especially with respect to the(More)
The present study sought to investigate the electrophysiological properties of isolated pulmonary veins following successful radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Overall, 71 pulmonary veins in 37 consecutive patients (age: 56 +/- 9 years) with recurrent PAF were targeted for RF ablation at the ostial(More)
Background: Isolation of arrhythmogenic pulmonary veins (PVs) by radiofrequency current (RF) application has been introduced as a curative treatment for patients (pts) with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study sought to investigate the feasibility and efficacy of this approach guided by conventional and electroanatomical mapping (CARTO®).(More)
INTRODUCTION Pulmonary veins (PVs) are the predominant location of triggers for atrial fibrillation (AF), but little is known about the electrophysiologic properties of PVs. In addition, the influence of amiodarone on the electrophysiologic properties of PVs has not been elucidated. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty-five patients with symptomatic and(More)
The most widely accepted criterion for successful radiofrequency catheter (RFC) ablation of typical atrial flutter is the development of bi-directional isthmus block. In a subset of patients, conventional RFC ablation fails to achieve this endpoint because deeper and wider lesions are required. We investigated the efficacy of a long 8-mm tip catheter in(More)
This case report describes a patient with a sustained monomorphic VT after surgical repair of a tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). In combination with the three-dimensional electroanatomic mapping system, CARTO, and conventional mapping techniques the VT was identified as a macro-reentrant tachycardia circling around the border between pulmonary graft and right(More)