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The role of type I interferons (IFNs) in mediation of acute viral symptoms (fever, somnolence, anorexia, etc.) is unknown. To determine the role of type I IFN in selected symptom development, body temperature and sleep responses to a marginally lethal dose of X-31 influenza virus were examined in mice with a targeted mutation of the IFN receptor type I(More)
Type I interferons (IFNs) include IFNalpha and IFNbeta, both of which are elevated in acute viral infections and both of which have been shown to induce symptoms such as fever and somnolence when administered in pharmacological doses. To investigate the role of type I IFNs in mediation of acute respiratory viral symptoms we examined sleep and body(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is associated with sleep regulation in health and disease. Previous studies assessed sleep in mice genetically deficient in the TNF-alpha 55-kDa receptor. In this study, spontaneous and influenza virus-induced sleep profiles were assessed in mice deficient in both the 55-kDa and 75-kDa TNF-alpha receptors [TNF-2R(More)
We report that mice with a targeted null mutation in the interferon type I receptor (IFN-RI), which cannot respond to such IFNs as IFNalpha and IFNbeta, have a 30% reduction in time spent in spontaneous rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) as a consequence of a reduced number of REMS episodes. Time spent in nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) was essentially(More)
Influenza virus infection up-regulates cytokines such as interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and activates the somatotropic axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Mice with deficits in growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) signaling (lit/lit mice) respond to influenza virus challenge with a progressive decrease in sleep and lower survival rates. Current(More)
Viral infections induce excess non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) in mice. Growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (GHRH receptor) was previously identified as a candidate gene responsible for NREMS responses to influenza challenge in mice. The dwarf lit/lit mouse with a nonfunctional GHRH receptor was used to assess the role of the GHRH receptor in(More)
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