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An experimental slow sand filter (SSF) was constructed to study the spatial and temporal structure of a bacterial community suppressive to an oomycete plant pathogen, Phytophthora cryptogea. Passage of water through the mature sand column resulted in complete removal of zoospores of the plant pathogen. To monitor global changes in the microbial community,(More)
The total bacterial community of an experimental slow sand filter (SSF) was analyzed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of partial 16S rRNA gene PCR products. One dominant band had sequence homology to Legionella species, indicating that these bacteria were a large component of the SSF bacterial community. Populations within experimental and(More)
AIMS To determine the spread of different oomycete pathogens in hydroponic, soilless tomato growing systems and their impact on established microbial communities, as baseline studies prior to future introduction of microbial inoculants for disease suppression. METHODS AND RESULTS The oomycete pathogens, Pythium group F, Pythium aphanidermatum and(More)
 Bovine enterovirus (BEV), along with other enteroviruses and the rhinoviruses, has a hydrophobic pocket within structural protein VP1. In the crystal structures of these viruses there is electron density commensurate with a non-protein molecule within the pocket. These molecules, termed pocket factors, have been shown to stabilise the capsid and their(More)
The microbiological characteristics associated with disease-suppressive peats are unclear. We used a bioassay for Pythium sylvaticum-induced damping-off of cress seedlings to identify conducive and suppressive peats. Microbial activity in unconditioned peats was negatively correlated with the counts of P. sylvaticum at the end of the bioassay. Denaturing(More)
Some endocrine disrupting compounds such as phthalates and phenols act non-genomically by inhibiting the sulfotransferase (SULT 1E1 and SULT 1A1) isoforms which inactivate estrogens by sulfonation. A range of environmental phenolic contaminants and dietary flavonoids was tested for inhibition of the human SULT 1A1, 1E1 and 2A1 isoforms. In particular, the(More)
Data from a national survey were analysed to investigate whether there was interdependence among the Fusarium species, which cause the stem rot complex of wheat. About 25 wheat stems were sampled from each of 260 sites over the main wheat growing areas in the UK. Occurrence of each Fusarium species on individual stems was determined. Fusarium culmorum, F.(More)
The effect of microbial colonization on the function and rejuvenation of slow sand filters was investigated using culture-independent profiling. Colonization resulted in significant reduction in filter pore size, which may be important in order to fully remove pathogens, but was not associated with a specific microbial component. Communities were highly(More)
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