Tim R . Kramer

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The bioavailability of lycopene from tomato juice and 2 dietary supplements, each containing 70-75 mg lycopene, was studied in 15 healthy volunteers in a randomized, crossover design. Subjects ingested lycopene-rich tomato juice, tomato oleoresin, lycopene beadlets, and a placebo for 4 wk each while consuming self-selected diets. Treatment periods were(More)
Previous surveys suggested that young children in Northeast Thailand may benefit from vitamin A and/or zinc supplementation. One hundred thirty-three children aged 6-13 y with marginal plasma retinol (less than 1.05 mumol/L) and Zn (less than 12.2 mumol/L) concentrations participated in a double-blind study. They were randomly assigned and supplemented with(More)
To determine the effects of dietary carotenes on the mitogenic proliferative responsiveness of blood lymphocytes in vitro, nine premenopausal women were fed a low-carotene diet for 120 d. Low-dose beta-carotene (0.5 mg/d) was given to five subjects on days 1-60, while four received a placebo. All subjects received a low-dose beta-carotene (0.5 mg/d)(More)
We sought to determine whether fish-oil supplementation would suppress blastogenesis in vitro of concanavalin A (ConA)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and, if so, whether it could be reversed with increased intake of vitamin E. Healthy males ate a controlled basal diet providing a total of 40% of energy from fat when fed in conjunction(More)
OBJECTIVE To collect and evaluate food intake data from a culturally diverse population and compare with national survey data. DESIGN The Foods Of Our Delta Study was a baseline, cross-sectional survey that utilized random-digit dialing methodology to identify the sample. Food intake was obtained from a 24-hour dietary recall administered by(More)
In a stress model which included food restriction, we examined the effects of physically rigorous military training and increased caloric intake on T-lymphocyte responses and lymphocyte subsets. T-lymphocyte proliferation and release of soluble receptor for interleukin-2 (slL-2R) in vitro were measured in two separate training classes of male U.S. Army(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify perceptions of Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) residents regarding factors that influence a change in healthful food consumption behavior to assist in planning sustainable nutrition interventions in the LMD. DESIGN Nine focus groups were conducted with LMD residents in 9 counties in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. One focus group(More)
BACKGROUND Information is lacking regarding the effects of beta-carotene supplementation, early lactation, or both on circulating carotenoid concentrations and T lymphocyte proliferation. OBJECTIVES This study investigated the effects of short-term beta-carotene supplementation (30 mg/d for 28 d) during early lactation (days 4-32 postpartum) on(More)
In a previous study (Tsukui et al., Cancer Res., 56: 3967-3974, 1996), we observed an inverse association between degree of cervical neoplasia and interleukin (IL) 2 production by peripheral blood mononuclear cells in response to human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 E6 and E7 peptides in vitro. This suggested that a Th1-mediated cellular immune response might be(More)
Because copper and iron have been reported to be essential cofactors in Δ9 desaturation of fatty acids, the effects of different dietary intakes of copper and iron on tissue fatty acids were studied. Male Long-Evans rats (ten per group) were fed diets containing adequate, deficient or excess copper or iron. On day 42 of the dietary regimen, the animals were(More)