Tim Popkin

Learn More
A double mutant of Cryptococcus neoformans which lacked the ability to produce melanin (Mel-) on media containing diphenols and failed to grow at 37 degrees C (temperature sensitive, Tem-) was obtained by UV irradiation and subsequent cloning. The mutant showed two lesions in melanogenesis in that it lacked the active transport system for diphenolic(More)
The cytoplasmic antigen and ultrastructural changes we described previously for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) or with hepatitis D virus have recently been shown to be indirect measures of viral replication and appear to represent a host response to the expression or action of interferon. The time of appearance of these(More)
The approximate size of the H strain of non-A, non-B (NANB) hepatitis virus was determined by filtration through polycarbonate membranes. The accuracy and reproducibility of such filtrations were monitored by filtering selected reference viruses. These studies indicate that strain H, representative of the principal blood-borne NANB hepatitis virus, is 30-60(More)
Ten of twelve spiroplasma strains from different sources carried multiple covalently closed circular duplex deoxyribonucleic acid molecules, as shown by ethidium bromide-cesium chloride gradient centrifugation of cell lysates and examination of resulting bands by electron microscopy and agarose gel electrophoresis. Two to eight size classes per strain,(More)
The mycoplasma-like organism Spiroplasma citri gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from citrus infected with "Stubborn" disease and carried in serial cultures in several media, was examined by dark-field microscopy and electron microscopy of negatively-stained and shadowed preparations and of sections. It grows as motile, helical filaments in liquid, but as(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), a positive-strand RNA agent, has been associated with enterically transmitted non-A, non-B hepatitis in Asia, Africa, and Mexico. To evaluate the role of HEV in an outbreak of hepatitis in Pakistan, we used immune electron microscopy to detect 1) antibody to HEV, for evidence of infection, and 2) virus, to determine the pattern of(More)
This paper presents a computationally efficient algorithm for smoothly space-variant Gaussian blurring of images. The proposed algorithm uses a specialized filter bank with optimal filters computed through principal component analysis. This filter bank approximates perfect space-variant Gaussian blurring to arbitrarily high accuracy and at greatly reduced(More)
Electron microscopy of Filobasidiella neoformans, the perfect state of Cryptococcus neoformans, revealed basidiomycete doliporesepta between hyphal cells and also between clamp connections and adjacent cells. The pore-occluding material was a heterogeneous flattened plate with dark margins and a lighter center, as seen in the species of Filobasidium.(More)
The mesosomes of log-phase Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538P and Staphylococcus aureus phage-type 80/81, as seen in situ in ultrathin sections, were of the vesicular type. The constituent vesicles ranged from 35 to 50 nm in diameter when the glutaraldehyde-osmium-uranium-lead sequence of fixation and staining was used. During protoplasting in hypertonic(More)
We present a novel selective blurring algorithm that mimics the optical distance blur effects that occur naturally in cameras and eyes. The proposed algorithm provides a realistic simulation of distance blurring, with the desirable properties of aiming to mimic occlusion effects as occur in natural blurring, and of being able to handle any number of(More)