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The present study describes a novel in vitro platform for physicochemical profiling of compounds, based on their impact on the air/water interfacial tension. Interfacial partitioning coefficient, cross-sectional area, and critical micelle concentration were derived from the Gibbs adsorption isotherms recorded for 76 structurally diverse drugs. An(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA) is a highly hydrophobic drug used to prevent graft rejection after organ transplantation. Interactions of CsA with phosphatidylcholine as well as with binary mixtures containing phosphatidylcholine and cholesterol were investigated by measuring the penetration of CsA into lipid monolayers at an air/water interface, by differential(More)
Spinopelvic dissociation is a rare high-energy injury, which is frequently associated with lumbosacral plexus and cauda equina deficits. During an 18-year period, 36 consecutive patients with a H-type sacral fracture and spinopelvic dissociation were treated using lumbopelvic fixation with a minimum follow-up of 18 months. We evaluated factors prognostic of(More)
We reviewed the outcome of arthroscopic stabilisation of anterior glenohumeral instability in young adults using the transglenoid suture technique. A questionnaire was sent to 455 consecutive patients who had undergone this procedure between 1992 and 2000. Of these, 312 patients (68.5%) with 313 affected shoulders and a mean age of 20 years (18 to 28)(More)
We have recently described a novel cyclic peptide inhibitor CTTHWGFTLC (CTT) for matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9, also called type IV collagenases or gelatinases (E. Koivunen et al., NAT: BIOTECHNOL:, 17: 768-774, 1999). As indicated by its amino acid composition, CTT is hydrophobic, and its partitioning into phospholipid films could be verified(More)
The interactions of three neuroleptic drugs, clozapine (CLZ), chlorpromazine (CPZ), and haloperidol (HPD) with phospholipids were compared using DSC and Langmuir balance. Main emphasis was on the drug-induced effects on the lateral organization of lipid mixtures of the saturated zwitterionic 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and the(More)
The membrane interactions of pregnanolone, an intravenous general anesthetic steroid, were characterized using fluorescence spectroscopy and monolayer technique. di-8-ANEPPS [4-[2-[6-(dioctylamino)-2-naphthalenyl]ethenyl]-1-(3-sulfopropyl)-pyridinium], a membrane dipole potential (Psi)-sensitive probe, revealed pregnanolone to decrease Psi similarly as(More)
Macroscopic consequences of the formation of diacylglycerol by phospholipase C (PC-PLC) in giant 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (SOPC) unilamellar vesicles (GUVs, diameter 10-100 microm) were studied by phase contrast and fluorescence microscopy. PC-PLC caused a series of fast stepwise shrinkages of fluid SOPC GUVs, continuing until the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Blunt thoracic injury is a common cause for hospital admission after trauma. The effect of the number of rib fractures on the outcome is controversial. In this study, our hypothesis was that an increasing number of rib fractures correlates with mortality and hospital resource utilization. In addition to mortality, our focus was on the(More)
The effects of three so-called kosmotropic solutes, namely, betaine, sucrose, and choline chloride on 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine large unilamellar vesicles, were studied by measuring the generalized polarization (GP) for the fluorescence emission of the membrane partitioning probe Laurdan. The latter has been shown to be sensitive to(More)