Tim O Greiner

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BACKGROUND Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and hypothermia are routinely used in cardiac surgery to maintain stable circulatory parameters and to increase the ischaemic tolerance of the patient. However, ECC and hypothermia cause platelet activation and dysfunction possibly followed by a devastating coagulopathy. Stimulation of the adenosinediphosphate(More)
PURPOSE Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) seem to be a promising cell source for cellular cardiomyoplasty. We recently developed a new aptamer-based specific selection of MSC to provide "ready to transplant" cells directly after isolation. We evaluated MRI tracking of newly isolated and freshly transplanted MSC in the heart using one short ex vivo selection step(More)
INTRODUCTION A large number of heart failure (HF) patients benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy. Measurements of intrathoracic impedance (ITZ) by implantable devices correlate with intrathoracic fluid content and are used for monitoring lung edema formation in HF patients. However, intrathoracic fluid is only an indirect parameter of cardiac(More)
Because of their insufficient biocompatibility and high thrombogenicity, small diameter artificial vascular prostheses still do not show a satisfactory patency rate. In vitro endothelialization of artificial grafts before implantation has been established experimentally years ago, but, this procedure is extremely time consuming and expensive. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Enhanced sympathetic activity at the ventricular myocardium can destabilize repolarization, increasing the risk of death. Sympathetic activity is known to cluster in low-frequency bursts; therefore, we hypothesized that sympathetic activity induces periodic low-frequency changes of repolarization. We developed a technique to assess the(More)
Isolation of huge quantities of primary cells from whole organs like the heart becomes increasingly important, especially for the emerging research field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This study deals with the isolation of pig cardiomyocytes, in contrast to the standard mouse or rat models, because we aimed to draw attention to the(More)
BACKGROUND Implantable device diagnostics may play an essential role in simplifying the care of heart failure patients by providing fundamental insights into their complex clinical patterns. Early recognition of heart failure progression by a continuous hemodynamic monitoring would allow for timely therapeutic interventions to prevent decompensation and(More)
PURPOSE To test the efficacy of internally CO2-cooled radiofrequency (RF) ablation in vivo and to compare its effectiveness to a standard water-cooled RF probe and to a gas-cooled microwave (MW) device. METHOD AND MATERIALS 49 ablations were performed on 15 pigs under general anesthesia using 15G monopolar CO2-cooled RF applicators, 17G monopolar(More)
AIM Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a standard procedure for treatment of coronary heart disease. Eighty percent of all CABGs are performed with venous grafts which then get exposed to an arterial pressure after surgery. This widely used procedure, however, is complicated by the development of alterations in the vein graft wall, leading to a(More)
INTRODUCTION Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) is suspected to be toxic for several reasons. During contact with a lipophilic medium, DEHP leaks from polyvinylchloride (PVC), but its influence on inflammatory reactions remains unknown. We examined specific DEHP leaching out of different tubing types, the possibly modulated liberation of proinflammatory(More)