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There is great inconsistency in the use of the terms 'pulse' and 'press' when describing types of perturbations. This is due primarily to a failure to distinguish between the cause and the effect of the perturbation in question. The cause and effect may be either short- or long-term and clearly one may be short-term and the other long-term. Distinction(More)
Maritime transport is a primary vector for many marine invaders. For the past two decades, most commercial vessels have used tributyltin (TBT) antifouling (AF) paint, whereas recreational vessels have been restricted to alternatives, most commonly containing copper. Settlement plates painted with a collar of copper or TBT AF paint, and unpainted control(More)
Natural systems are increasingly being modified by the addition of artificial habitats which may facilitate invasion. Where invaders are able to disperse from artificial habitats, their impact may spread to surrounding natural communities and therefore it is important to investigate potential factors that reduce or enhance invasibility. We surveyed the(More)
Environmental decision-making applies transdisciplinary knowledge to deliver optimal outcomes. Here we synthesise various aspects of seagrass ecology to aid environmental decision-making, management and policy. Managers often mediate conflicting values and opinions held by different stakeholders. Critical to this role is understanding the drivers for(More)
The views and opinions expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect those of the Australian Government or the Minister for the Environment and Heritage.  NSW Fisheries This work is copyright. Except as permitted under the Copyright Act (Cth), no part of this reproduction may be reproduced by any process, electronic or otherwise,(More)
Global increases in urban development have resulted in severe habitat modification in many estuaries. Most are now dominated by artificial structures, which might have a myriad of effects on native species. The provision of extra hard substrata presents additional free space, and recent research suggests non-indigenous epifauna may be able to exploit these(More)
Seagrass habitats are being lost throughout the world and the invasive alga C. taxifolia has often been implicated in seagrass declines. Although C. taxifolia can impact a variety of species, evidence for its effects on seagrasses is largely correlative. This study combined observational studies and manipulative experiments done over many years to test(More)
Marine assemblages on natural hard substrata are generally different from those on artificial habitats. There is, however, the potential for certain ecological processes to operate on both types of structures. On the sides of floating pontoons in Sydney Harbour, there were strong patterns of vertical distribution of sessile epibiotic organisms and molluscan(More)
This study tested for differences in the composition of intertidal and shallow subtidal rocky reef habitats subjected to a range of human pressures across ∼1000 km of coastline in New South Wales, Australia over 5 years. Percentage covers of habitats were sampled using aerial photography and a large grain size (20 m2 intertidal; 800 m2 subtidal) in a nested(More)
Strong seasonal trends in reproduction and early development of many invasive species are commonplace and may differ between introduced and native ranges, reflecting differences in abiotic conditions that trigger reproduction, or in selective pressures. The invasive crab Carcinus maenas has been present in south-east Australia for over 100 years, but little(More)