Tim Leschinger

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BACKGROUND Ligament reconstruction with a circumferential graft represents an innovative technique for treatment of multidirectional elbow instability. This biomechanical study compared the stability of the intact elbow joint with the circumferential graft technique and the conventional technique. METHODS Seven fresh frozen cadaveric elbows were evaluated(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the position of the subscapular nerves relative to surgical landmarks during exposure and to analyze the pattern of innervation of the subscapularis to avoid injury during anterior shoulder surgery. 20 embalmed human cadaveric shoulder specimens were used in the study. The muscular insertions of the subscapular(More)
Radial neuropathy represents a devastating complication in a posterior approach to the distal humerus. This study aimed to propose “safe zones” regarding the radial nerve (RN) location at the posterior aspect of the humerus to minimize the risk of iatrogenic injury. In 100 embalmed specimens, the distances of the proximal edge of the olecranon fossa (OF) to(More)
BACKGROUND Fractures of the coronoid process or the supinator crest, as well as arthroscopic resection of osteophytes around the coronoid process, can endanger the attachment of the annular ligament (AL) to the proximal ulna. The purpose of this study was to investigate the corresponding insertional areas of the AL within this context. METHODS In 30(More)
Exclusion or detection of non-displaced radial head fractures can be difficult in radiographs, because they might lack conclusive radiographic signs, such as fracture lines or distracted articular fragments. Based on the typical injury mechanism of a radial head fracture, causing the head to hit the capitulum and leading to a depression of the anterolateral(More)
The study aims to measure the relationship of potential clinical and radiographic predictors and medium-term clinical outcomes after total shoulder arthroplasty in primary osteoarthritis. In a prospective follow-up study, preoperatively collected clinical and radiographic variables were recorded in 103 patients with an average age of 66 years (range 37–83(More)
BACKGROUND Simple elbow dislocation is a complex soft-tissue injury that can cause permanent symptoms. Its incidence is 5 to 6 cases per 100 000 persons per year. Its proper treatment is debated; options range from immobilization in a cast to surgical intervention. METHODS We systematically reviewed the literature on the treatment of simple elbow(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate radiographic signs of posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The goal was to establish objective radiographic criteria to aid in the diagnosis of PLRI. METHODS The MRI scans of 60 patients were evaluated retrospectively. Two study groups were compared. Group 1 (n = 30) consisted of unstable(More)
BACKGROUND The median and radial nerves are at risk of iatrogenic injury when performing arthroscopic arthrolysis with anterior capsulectomy. Although prior anatomic studies have identified the position of these nerves, little is known about how elbow positioning and joint insufflation might influence nerve locations. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES In a cadaver(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of shoulder impingement created by clinical tests is crucial to accurately evaluate the condition. The objective of this study was to relate mechanisms of subacromial and coracoid impingement occurring in positions of the shoulder during clinical examination, in quantitative and qualitative terms. A 1.0T open magnetic resonance(More)