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The role of Ag-Ab complexes (or immune complexes; ICs) in the regulation of the maturation of the B cell immune response was investigated in mice perturbed in the deposition and retention of such complexes. Loss of surface expression of Fc gammaRI and Fc gammaRIII due to targeted disruption of the common FcR gamma-chain gene results in dramatically(More)
The expression of different sets of immunoglobulin specificities by fetal and adult B lymphocytes is a long-standing puzzle in immunology. Recently it has become clear that production of immunoglobulin mu heavy chain and subsequent assembly with a surrogate light chain to form the pre-B cell receptor complex is critical for development of B cells. Here we(More)
We analyzed the participation of a predominant B cell clonotype in the anti-arsonate immune response of mice in which Bcl-2 expression was enforced in B cells. Many of the antibodies expressed by the arsonate-induced memory compartment of these mice were "dual-reactive," displaying increased affinity acquired via V region somatic hypermutation for both(More)
Available evidence indicates that B cell tolerance is attained by receptor editing, anergy, or clonal deletion. Here, we describe a p-azophenylarsonate (Ars)-specific immunoglobulin transgenic mouse in which B cells become anergic as a consequence of cross-reaction with autoantigen in the bone marrow. Developing bone marrow B cells show no evidence of(More)
Current models of the germinal center (GC) response propose that after stimulation at the edges of T cell zones, pre-GC B cells directly migrate to the center of follicles and proliferate to form GCs. We followed the interrelationship of proliferation, differentiation, and microenvironmental locale in populations of pre-GC B cells responding to antigen. In(More)
Immunization of mice containing mutations that inactivate the TCR Cbeta and Cdelta genes with the T cell-independent (TI) type 2 Ag (4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl)acetyl-Ficoll induces clusters of peanut agglutinin-binding B cells in the spleen. These clusters are histologically indistinguishable from germinal centers (GCs) typical of T cell-dependent immune(More)
The factors regulating germinal center (GC) B cell fate are poorly understood. Recent studies have defined a crucial role for the B cell-activating factor belonging to TNF family (BAFF; also called BLyS) in promoting primary B cell survival and development. A role for this cytokine in antigen-driven B cell responses has been suggested but current data in(More)
Generation of the B cell recall response appears to involve interaction of Ag, in the form of an immune complex (IC) trapped on follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), with germinal center (GC) B cells. Thus, the expression of receptors on FDC and B cells that interact with ICs could be critical to the induction of an optimal recall response. FDCs in GCs, but(More)
Ab V genes in mice deficient for the postreplication mismatch repair factor MutS homolog (MSH2) have been reported to display an abnormal bias for hypermutations at G and C nucleotides and hotspots. We previously showed that the germinal center (GC) response is severely attenuated in MSH2-deficient mice. This suggested that premature death of GC B cells(More)
A model for investigating graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) activity following syngeneic and MHC-compatible allogeneic BMT has been developed in C57BL/6 (B6) mice with use of the c-myc retrovirus-transformed MMB3.19 myeloid leukemia line. The MMB3.19 line was derived from a B6 mouse and expresses monocyte/macrophage markers, including Mac-1, Mac-2, F4/80, and(More)