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Evidence suggests that intestinal apo-B48 is colinear with the amino-terminal half of hepatic apo-B100. To investigate the mechanism of apo-B48 production, we examined cDNA clones from human and rabbit small intestine. All clones contained a single C----T base difference from the hepatic sequence, resulting in a translational stop at codon 2153.(More)
25 of a group of 87 White men had Msp 1 restriction site polymorphism within an Alu sequence 3' to the human apo AII gene. Homozygosity for the polymorphism in 8 men was associated with a significant increase in serum apo AII levels (35.4 +/- 1.70 mg/dl, mean +/- SEM) and altered HDL composition, compared with heterozygotes (31.7 +/- 1.29; n = 17) and(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the foundation of powerful complex trait and pharmacogenomic analyses. The availability of large SNP databases, however, has emphasized a need for inexpensive SNP genotyping methods of commensurate simplicity, robustness, and scalability. We describe a solution-based, microtiter plate method for SNP genotyping of(More)
60 of 83 middle-aged white men had an XbaI restriction site polymorphism within the coding sequence of the apolipoprotein B gene. Subjects homozygous and heterozygous for the presence of an XbaI restriction site had mean serum triglyceride levels 36% higher (p = 0.02) than those in homozygotes without the restriction site; there was a less substantial(More)
The genes encoding apolipoproteins CI, CII, and E have been previously localized to chromosome 19. By use of rodent-human hybrid cell lines containing translocations of chromosome 19 we have now mapped these three genes to the region 19p13–19q13 and most probably 19p13–19 cen. The clustering of APOC1, APOC2, and APOE must reflect their common evolutionary(More)
The sequence of the human apolipoprotein B gene comprises 43 kb divided into 29 exons, one of which is unusually long and contains 7572 bp. Comparison of the gene sequence with four complete and three partial cDNA sequences published elsewhere reveals a total of 60 nucleotide substitutions and 39 amino acid substitutions and one small deletion in the signal(More)
Apolipoprotein (apo-) B is the ligand responsible for the receptor-mediated catabolism of low density lipoproteins, the principal cholesterol-transporting lipoproteins in plasma. The primary structure of the carboxyl-terminal 30 percent (1455 amino acids) of human apo-B (apo-B100) has been deduced from the nucleotide sequence of complementary DNA. Portions(More)
The antigenic group (Ag) system of homospecific human serum antigens of low density lipoprotein is detected by antiserum from multiply transfused patients. A complex series of common Ag alleles has been described, but the biochemical nature of this polymorphism is uncertain. Here we report that DNA polymorphisms at the human apolipoprotein B (apoB) locus(More)
We report the regional mapping of human chromosome 19 genes for three apolipoproteins and a lipoprotein receptor as well as genes for three other markers. The regional mapping was made possible by the use of a reciprocal whole-arm translocation between the long arm of chromosome 19 and the short arm of chromosome 1. Examination of three separate somatic(More)