Tim Jim Parkinson

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The duration of infection and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types of bovine intramammary Streptococcus uberis isolates were examined. Milk samples were collected in duplicate from all 4 glands of 503 cows from 5 herds within 1 to 3 d of parturition and from 113 cows with clinical mastitis in the same herds throughout lactation. Glands from which(More)
The potential fertility of bulls can be evaluated in the field by assessment of mating ability and physical examination. Both methods are useful for screening out low fertility bulls, although neither allows precise determination of the pregnancy rates that bulls actually achieve. Observations of coitus, libido testing and service capacity testing are the(More)
AIMS To determine the pattern of isolation of major mastitis-causing organisms isolated from milk samples submitted to five veterinary diagnostic laboratories in New Zealand. METHODS The culture results of 25,288 milk samples that were collected from dairy cows throughout New Zealand from August 2003 to December 2006 and submitted to a group of veterinary(More)
Contractions of seminiferous tubules and epididymal duct walls promote spermiation and sperm transfer, and they are thought to be stimulated by the related peptides oxytocin and vasopressin. This study tested the hypothesis that if oxytocin and/or vasopressin play a physiological role in sperm shedding and transport, then local or circulating concentrations(More)
This study was performed to determine whether oxytocin or vasopressin affect the transport of spermatozoa from the epididymis of rams in vivo. Under general anaesthesia, cannulae were inserted into each ductus deferens and passed into the cauda epididymis of 24 Oxford Down cross rams and the luminal fluid was collected at 10 min intervals for 2-3 h. Animals(More)
The ability of the glycosaminoglycan, heparin, and the calcium ionophore, A23187, to induce acrosome reaction in equine spermatozoa was assessed using semen from 3 warmblood stallions of known high fertility. After collection of semen, the spermatozoa were washed and incubated in vitro with heparin or A23187. Incubation periods were 0, 4, 6 or 8 h with 0,(More)
Seventeen bulls were used for a 12-month survey of semen quality and for the estimation of plasma progesterone and testosterone and semen testosterone concentrations. Sperm output showed two minima, in mid-winter and late summer, and the percentage of abnormal sperm was highest and their ability to survive freezing was lowest at the summer minimum. Plasma(More)
alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonist drugs can cause respiratory changes leading to a short period of hypoxaemia in sheep. It has been suggested that this is due to transient platelet aggregation and pulmonary microembolism. If platelet aggregation were to follow platelet activation in response to the administration of alpha 2 agonists, plasma thromboxane levels(More)
Oxytocin is present in the male reproductive tract and has been shown to increase contractility in the epididymis and to modulate steroidogenesis. This study investigated the effects of oxytocin in the testis in vivo, and the presence and cellular localization of oxytocin receptors in the reproductive tract of rams. During the breeding season, mature rams(More)
AIM To estimate the incidence of clinical mastitis and the frequency of isolation of mastitis-causing organisms from clinical cases in one lactation season (July 2005 to May 2006) on 14 dairy farms from the Northland region of New Zealand. METHODS Cases of clinical mastitis were determined by trained farm personnel who recorded the identity of affected(More)