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Pure-bred embryos were transferred within and reciprocally between large (Suffolk) and small (Cheviot) breeds of sheep to establish 4 treatment groups: SinS (Suffolk embryos in Suffolk dams), SinC (Suffolk embryos in Cheviot dams), CinS (Cheviot embryos in Suffolk dams), and CinC (Cheviot embryos in Cheviot dams). The recipient ewes carried single fetuses(More)
This study was performed to determine whether oxytocin or vasopressin affect the transport of spermatozoa from the epididymis of rams in vivo. Under general anaesthesia, cannulae were inserted into each ductus deferens and passed into the cauda epididymis of 24 Oxford Down cross rams and the luminal fluid was collected at 10 min intervals for 2-3 h. Animals(More)
Two techniques for the preparation of boar spermatozoa for in vitro fertilization were studied: a simple washing procedure and centrifugation on a discontinuous Percoll gradient. Their respective effects on motility of spermatozoa were analysed by computer-assisted sperm analysis. The Percoll density gradient technique selected spermatozoa with(More)
Abnormalities of the reproductive tract of female sheep were studied by examining 9970 reproductive tracts from cull ewes and 23,536 tracts from nulliparous sheep (prime lambs) over a period of 12 months in abattoirs in south-west England. Overall, 3.37 per cent of the tracts were pregnant (8.11 per cent of cull ewes, and 1.36 per cent of nulliparous(More)
A survey of abnormalities of the reproductive tract of female sheep was undertaken at two abattoirs in the south west of England over a period of 12 months. During the survey, 9970 reproductive tracts from cull ewes and 23,536 tracts from nulliparous sheep (prime lambs and hoggets) were examined. A total of 655 (6.57 per cent) ewes and 459 (1.95 per cent)(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWHs) are uncommon and to date less than 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Furthermore mesenteric avulsion is a rare complication of TAWHs and occurs in less than 5% of all cases. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 47-year-old lady presented to the emergency department after a road traffic accident. In(More)
The duration of infection and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types of bovine intramammary Streptococcus uberis isolates were examined. Milk samples were collected in duplicate from all 4 glands of 503 cows from 5 herds within 1 to 3 d of parturition and from 113 cows with clinical mastitis in the same herds throughout lactation. Glands from which(More)
The hypothesis that thyroid hormones are required for the expression of normal cycles of reproductive activity was tested in Soay rams, a widely used subject for studies on seasonality. Six rams were thyroidectomized and six sham-operated in October, just before the expected peak of reproductive activity. All were then placed in long days (18 h light and 6(More)
Oxytocin is present in the male reproductive tract and has been shown to increase contractility in the epididymis and to modulate steroidogenesis. This study investigated the effects of oxytocin in the testis in vivo, and the presence and cellular localization of oxytocin receptors in the reproductive tract of rams. During the breeding season, mature rams(More)
A study was undertaken to determine if the vagina might be a suitable site for the measurement of intra-abdominal pressure during cystometry in the bitch. The position of the cranial vagina and vaginal length were measured radiographically and the effects of spaying and urinary incontinence on these variables were evaluated in 30 continent and 30(More)