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A novel scheme for deformable tracking of curvilinear structures in image sequences is presented. The approach is based on B-spline snakes defined by a set of control points whose optimal configuration is determined through efficient discrete optimization. Each control point is associated with a discrete random variable in a MAP-MRF formulation where a set(More)
We use a simple yet powerful higher-order conditional random field (CRF) to model optical flow. It consists of a standard photo-consistency cost and a prior on affine motions both modeled in terms of higher-order potential functions. Reasoning jointly over a large set of unknown variables provides more reliable motion estimates and a robust matching(More)
Deformable guide-wire tracking in fluoroscopic sequences is a challenging task due to the low signal to noise ratio of the images and the apparent complex motion of the object of interest. Common tracking methods are based on data terms that do not differentiate well between medical tools and anatomic background such as ribs and vertebrae. A data term(More)
This work presents a novel scheme for tracking of motion and deformation of interventional tools such as guide-wires and catheters in fluoroscopic X-ray sequences. Being able to track and thus to estimate the correct positions of these tools is crucial in order to offer guidance enhancement during interventions. The task of estimating the apparent motion is(More)
Despite rapid advances in interventional imaging, the navigation of a guide wire through abdominal vasculature remains, not only for novice radiologists, a difficult task. Since this navigation is mostly based on 2D fluoroscopic image sequences from one view, the process is slowed down significantly due to missing depth information and patient motion. We(More)
The reconstruction of histology sections into a 3-D volume receives increased attention due to its various applications in modern medical image analysis. To guarantee a geometrically coherent reconstruction, we propose a new way to register histological sections simuItaneously to previously acquired reference images and to neighboring slices in the stack.(More)
BACKGROUND Xenon has only minimal haemodynamic side-effects on normal myocardium and might be a preferable anaesthetic agent for patients with heart failure. We studied the haemodynamic changes caused by 70% xenon in rabbits with chronically compromised left ventricular (LV) function. METHODS Anaesthetized rabbits were thoracotomized and a major coronary(More)
We propose a Markov Random Field formulation for the tracking of needles in fluoroscopic images. A novel motion model makes it possible to capture the primarily rigid motion as well as deformations of the needle in a single second-order MRF graph. Needles are represented by B-splines and each control point is associated with a random variable in a MAP-MRF(More)