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The periplasmic chaperone and serine protease HtrA is important for bacterial stress responses and protein quality control. Recently, we discovered that HtrA from Helicobacter pylori is secreted and cleaves E-cadherin to disrupt the epithelial barrier, but it remained unknown whether this maybe a general virulence mechanism. Here, we show that important(More)
Nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a master regulator of cellular antioxidant defense systems, and activation of this transcription factor is a promising strategy for protection of skin and other organs from environmental insults. To identify efficient Nrf2 activators in keratinocytes, we combined a chemical library screen with(More)
Mammalian and prokaryotic high-temperature requirement A (HtrA) proteins are chaperones and serine proteases with important roles in protein quality control. Here, we describe an entirely new function of HtrA and identify it as a new secreted virulence factor from Helicobacter pylori, which cleaves the ectodomain of the cell-adhesion protein E-cadherin.(More)
So-called NSAID-phospholipid-complexes have been recently reported in literature to reduce local gastrointestinal toxicity. The present work was dedicated to the structural characterization of so-called drug-phospholipid-complexes on the example of diclofenac sodium, ibuprofen and piroxicam complexes with dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) at different(More)
We present a computational approach to protein-protein docking based on surface shape complementarity ("ProBinder"). Within this docking approach, we implemented a new surface decomposition method that considers local shape features on the protein surface. This new surface shape decomposition results in a deterministic representation of curvature features(More)
BACKGROUND De novo design of drug-like compounds with a desired pharmacological activity profile has become feasible through innovative computer algorithms. Fragment-based design and simulated chemical reactions allow for the rapid generation of candidate compounds as blueprints for organic synthesis. METHODS We used a combination of complementary(More)
Libraries of chemical compounds individually coupled to encoding DNA tags (DNA-encoded chemical libraries) hold promise to facilitate exceptionally efficient ligand discovery. We constructed a high-quality DNA-encoded chemical library comprising 30,000 drug-like compounds; this was screened in 170 different affinity capture experiments. High-throughput(More)
BACKGROUND The human pathogen Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a main cause for gastric inflammation and cancer. Increasing bacterial resistance against antibiotics demands for innovative strategies for therapeutic intervention. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We present a method for structure-based virtual screening that is based on the comprehensive(More)
A computer-assisted method for the generation of pseudoreceptor models is presented together with two practical applications. From a three-dimensional alignment of known histamine H(4) receptor ligands, a pseudoreceptor model of the putative ligand binding site was constructed and used for virtual screening of a large collection of commercially available(More)
We present the discovery of low molecular weight inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) protease subtype B that were identified by structure-based virtual screening as ligands of an allosteric surface cavity. For pocket identification and prioritization, we performed a molecular dynamics simulation and observed several flexible, partially(More)