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The ventral midline of the nervous system is an important choice point at which growing axons decide whether to cross and project contralaterally or remain on the same side of the brain. In Drosophila, the decision to cross or avoid the CNS midline is controlled, at least in part, by the Roundabout (Robo) receptor on the axons and its ligand, Slit, an(More)
Slit is secreted by cells at the midline of the central nervous system, where it binds to Roundabout (Robo) receptors and functions as a potent repellent. We found that migrating mesodermal cells in vivo respond to Slit as both an attractant and a repellent and that Robo receptors are required for both functions. Mesoderm cells expressing Robo receptors(More)
We have analyzed the role of the Slit family of repellent axon guidance molecules in the patterning of the axonal projections of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) within the embryonic rat diencephalon and whether the slits can account for a repellent activity for retinal axons released by hypothalamus and epithalamus. At the time RGC axons extend over the(More)
We have stratified the cancer risk implications of lobular pattern in situ neoplasias of the breast by separating marked examples of this histologic spectrum (lobular carcinoma in situ [LCIS]) from lesser examples (atypical lobular hyperplasia). The lesser-developed examples have been shown previously to have a lower relative risk (RR) of later invasive(More)
Estimation of effective renal plasma flow (ERPF) can be made easily, inexpensively, and accurately by means of a single plasma concentration determination, sampled 44 min after injection of 131I-orthoiodohippurate (OIH). We originally established predictive regression equations based on a series of patients with a wide variety of diseases and a few normal(More)
Angle-resolved photoemission is employed to measure the band structure of TiSe2 in order to clarify the nature of the ( 2 x 2 x 2) charge density wave transition. The results show a very small indirect gap in the normal phase transforming into a larger indirect gap at a different location in the Brillouin zone. Fermi surface topology is irrelevant in this(More)
Observation of interlayer phonon modes in van der Waals heterostructures. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. We(More)
Two infrared (IR)-active vibrational modes, observed at 93 and 113 cm(-1) in Raman scattering, are evidence of an inversion symmetry breakdown in thin (~10 nm) nanoplates of topological insulator Bi(2)Te(3) as-grown on SiO(2). Both Raman and IR modes are preserved after typical device fabrication processes. In nanoplates transferred to another SiO(2)(More)
Numerous simplified methods for the estimation of ERPF have described, including the so-called slope/intercept (SI) methods, based on the analysis of the slope of certain segments of the 131I-OIH plasma disappearance curve and its y-axis intercept, and the single sample (SS) clearance method, based on theoretical volumes of OIH distribution at some fixed(More)
We report a Raman scattering study of low-temperature, pressure-induced melting of the charge-density-wave (CDW) phase of 1T-TiSe2. Our measurements reveal that the collapse of the CDW state occurs in three stages: (i) For P<5 kbar, the pressure dependence of the CDW amplitude mode energies and intensities are indicative of a "crystalline" CDW regime; (ii)(More)