Tim Cullinan

Learn More
OBJECTIVES To describe and explore current practice, methods and experience of communicating carrier status information following newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF) and sickle cell (SC) disorders, to inform practice and further research. DESIGN Three linked qualitative studies. SETTING All nine health regions in England. PARTICIPANTS Child(More)
In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria infection in pregnancy contributes to low birth weight through intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery (PTD). It was hypothesized that malaria-associated PTD and IUGR have differing etiologies due to timing of infection. In a prospective cohort of primigravid women enrolled at the antenatal clinic of(More)
UNLABELLED Stunting is common among children under 5 y of age in sub-Saharan Africa. Several risk factors have been associated with poor growth but few studies have prospectively addressed the development of linear growth faltering and stunting during the first year of life. The present study was designed to analyse typical growth among rural Malawian(More)
BACKGROUND Much concern has been expressed about the high prevalence of tuberculosis in prisons in industrialised countries. Since there is almost no information from developing countries, we investigated the rate of pulmonary tuberculosis in a large prison in Malawi. METHODS Between May and July, 1996; we carried out an active case-finding survey in(More)
Peri- and neonatal mortality remain high in developing countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In the present study, we quantified and identified the most important predictors of early mortality in rural Malawi. Data were obtained from a community-based cohort of 795 pregnant women and their 813 fetuses, followed prospectively from mid-pregnancy. In(More)
UNLABELLED To facilitate optimal growth of newborns, many countries have developed infant feeding recommendations, usually suggesting 4-6 mo of exclusive breastfeeding and then the gradual introduction of complementary foods. We prospectively studied the changes in infant diets and predictors of adherence to national infant feeding recommendations in a(More)
Universal newborn screening for sickle cell disorders and cystic fibrosis aims to enable the early identification and treatment of affected babies. Screening can also identify infants who are healthy carriers, with carrier results being the commonest outcome for parents and professionals to discuss in practice. However it is unclear what the effect will be(More)
Malaria infections in pregnant women cause poor birth outcomes. Malaria pigment (haemozoin) accumulates in the placenta within macrophages and extracellularly, but its pathological significance is not understood. In order to study the potential role of haemozoin in malaria pathogenesis, we enrolled primigravid women at a Malawian government antenatal clinic(More)
The conservation of Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis) populations has been one of the most controversial and visible issues in United States conservation history. Coincident with declines in Spotted Owl populations over the last three decades has been the invasion of Barred Owls (Strix varia) throughout the range of the Northern Spotted Owl (S. o. caurina)(More)
Data are presented for the first 50 patients with cerebral palsy who underwent chronic cerebellar stimulation for symptom alleviation. We observed significant shorter and longer term improvement in spasticity as well as athetosis, speech, and functional status. Continuing increments in improvement were noted as a function of time on stimulation. In many(More)