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The classic heat shock (stress) response (HSR) was originally attributed to protein denaturation. However, heat shock protein (Hsp) induction occurs in many circumstances where no protein denaturation is observed. Recently considerable evidence has been accumulated to the favor of the "Membrane Sensor Hypothesis" which predicts that the level of Hsps can be(More)
Aging and pathophysiological conditions are linked to membrane changes which modulate membrane-controlled molecular switches, causing dysregulated heat shock protein (HSP) expression. HSP co-inducer hydroxylamines such as BGP-15 provide advanced therapeutic candidates for many diseases since they preferentially affect stressed cells and are unlikely have(More)
Networks of neuronal synapses are the fundamental basis for making and retaining memory. Reduced synapse number and quality correlates with loss of memory in dementia. Heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), the major transcription factor regulating expression of heat shock genes, plays a central role in proteostasis, in establishing and sustaining synaptic fidelity(More)
We investigated whether atrophy and hypertrophy signalling were altered in the diaphragm of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We studied diaphragm fibre dimensions and proportion, expression of markers of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB pathways, muscle regulatory factors and myostatin in diaphragm biopsies(More)
Eukaryotic cells exhibit a characteristic response to hyperthermic treatment, involving morphological and cytoskeletal alterations and the induction of heat shock protein synthesis. Small GTPases of the Ras superfamily are known to serve as molecular switches which mediate responses to extracellular stimuli. We addressed here how small GTPase Rac1(More)
We investigated whether atrophy and hypertrophy signaling was altered in the diaphragm of COPD patients. Diaphragm fiber dimensions and proportion, expression of markers of the ubiquitin-proteasome, the NF-κB pathways, the muscle regulatory factors and myostatin were studied in diaphragm biopsies from 19 patients with severe COPD and 13 patients without(More)
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