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Expression of the myogenic helix-loop-helix (HLH) protein myogenin in muscle cell precursors within somites and limb buds is among the earliest events associated with myogenic lineage determination in vertebrates. Mutations in the myogenin promoter that abolish binding sites for myogenic HLH proteins or myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF-2) suppressed(More)
Transcriptional cascades that specify cell fate have been well described in invertebrates. In mammalian development, however, gene hierarchies involved in determination of cell lineage are not understood. With the recent cloning of the MyoD family of myogenic regulatory factors, a model system has become available with which to study the dynamics of muscle(More)
During vertebrate embryogenesis, the muscle-specific helix-loop-helix protein myogenin is expressed in muscle cell precursors in the developing somite myotome and limb bud before muscle fiber formation and is further upregulated during myogenesis. We show that cis-acting DNA sequences within the 5' flanking region of the mouse myogenin gene are sufficient(More)
A beta-globin gene cloned from a person with beta-thalassemia contained a T----C substitution within the conserved sequence AATAAA that forms a portion of the recognition signal for endonucleolytic cleavage and polyadenylation of primary mRNA transcripts. By Northern blot analysis a novel beta-globin RNA species, 1500 nucleotides in length, was detected in(More)
Several genes expressed in skeletal muscle are transcriptionally repressed by electrical activity arising from motor innervation and are rapidly induced following denervation. Among these are genes encoding the subunits of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) and the myogenic helix-loop-helix protein myogenin, which activates muscle-specific genes.(More)
There are three recessive genes (little, Snell, and Ames) which cause dwarfism and GH deficiency in mice. These genes are nonallelic, and in the case of little mice, GH deficiency is isolated, while Snell and Ames dwarfs have deficiencies of GH as well as other anterior pituitary hormones. Previous reports in which restriction endonuclease analyses were(More)
Using antisera produced against a serum lectin we have shown by employing immunocytofluorescence that hemocytes from the oyster, Crassostrea virginica, possess a lectin which is situated on the external surface of the cell membrane. The antisera block the binding of hemocyte microsomes to protease-treated vertebrate erythrocytes, thus confirming that the(More)
Members of the MyoD family of helix-loop-helix proteins control expression of the muscle phenotype by regulating the activity of subordinate genes. To investigate processes that control the expression of myogenic factors and regulate the establishment and maintenance of the skeletal muscle phenotype, we have analyzed sequences necessary for transcription of(More)
In order to identify genes whose expression is associated with resistance to the chemotherapeutic agent oxaliplatin, transcripts differentially expressed between an oxaliplatin sensitive and a stably resistant subline were compared in six independent replicates using Stanford cDNA microarrays for five cell lines. "Significance analysis of microarrays" (SAM)(More)