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Transcriptional cascades that specify cell fate have been well described in invertebrates. In mammalian development, however, gene hierarchies involved in determination of cell lineage are not understood. With the recent cloning of the MyoD family of myogenic regulatory factors, a model system has become available with which to study the dynamics of muscle(More)
Expression of the myogenic helix-loop-helix (HLH) protein myogenin in muscle cell precursors within somites and limb buds is among the earliest events associated with myogenic lineage determination in vertebrates. Mutations in the myogenin promoter that abolish binding sites for myogenic HLH proteins or myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF-2) suppressed(More)
To perform a systematic analysis of beta-thalassemia genes among Chinese, we have determined the DNA haplotype in the beta-globin gene region of 37 Chinese beta-thalassemia chromosomes. Only four haplotypes were found. Blot hybridization analysis of erythroid RNA from patients homozygous for haplotypes 1, 2, and 3 demonstrated different patterns, suggesting(More)
There are three recessive genes (little, Snell, and Ames) which cause dwarfism and GH deficiency in mice. These genes are nonallelic, and in the case of little mice, GH deficiency is isolated, while Snell and Ames dwarfs have deficiencies of GH as well as other anterior pituitary hormones. Previous reports in which restriction endonuclease analyses were(More)
A beta-globin gene cloned from a person with beta-thalassemia contained a T----C substitution within the conserved sequence AATAAA that forms a portion of the recognition signal for endonucleolytic cleavage and polyadenylation of primary mRNA transcripts. By Northern blot analysis a novel beta-globin RNA species, 1500 nucleotides in length, was detected in(More)
DNA sequence analysis of a cloned beta-globin gene from a Chinese patient with beta-thalassemia revealed a single nucleotide substitution (A leads to G) within the ATA box homology and 28 base pairs upstream from the cap site. The patient was homozygous for this particular allele based on restriction mapping at nine different polymorphic sites in the(More)
During vertebrate embryogenesis, the muscle-specific helix-loop-helix protein myogenin is expressed in muscle cell precursors in the developing somite myotome and limb bud before muscle fiber formation and is further upregulated during myogenesis. We show that cis-acting DNA sequences within the 5' flanking region of the mouse myogenin gene are sufficient(More)
—This paper presents a novel concept called solar disaggregation. In homes with solar panels, electric utilities are able to meter the net consumption power signals, which measures the difference between whole-home consumption and solar production. Solar disaggregation aims to separate, or " disaggregate " , the production of solar panels from a home's net(More)
beta-Thalassemia genes, although often mild in their effects, are common among American Blacks. We have begun a systematic molecular analysis of beta-thalassemia mutations in this group. DNA polymorphisms in the beta-globin gene cluster were examined among 22 beta-thalassemia chromosomes. Six different haplotypes were observed. beta-globin genes of two of(More)