Tim Bressmann

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PURPOSE The primary determinants for good speech outcome after glossectomy are not well established. This study evaluated the effect of tongue motility, type of reconstruction, and affected muscles on speech intelligibility. METHODS Fourteen German glossectomy patients participated in an intelligibility test, which targeted lingual consonants. Tongue(More)
Analyses of the human tongue motion as captured from 2D dynamic ultrasound data often requires segmentation of the mid-sagittal tongue contours. However, semi-automatic extraction of the tongue shape presents practical challenges. We approach this segmentation problem by proposing a novel higher-order Markov random field energy minimization framework. For(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of partial lateral glossectomy on midsagittal tongue movement during speech. METHODS Using B-mode ultrasound, the midsagittal tongue movement of 10 patients with lateral partial glossectomy during a standardized reading passage was analyzed before and after surgery. Six normal adults served(More)
The functional determinants for a good speech outcome after a partial tongue resection and reconstruction are not well established. The purpose of the present study was to assess the protrusion, grooving and symmetry of the tongue during sustained speech sound production using three-dimensional ultrasound. The participants were twelve normal speakers and(More)
It was hypothesized that tongue-palate pressure generation might directly facilitate hyoid movement in swallowing through the anatomical connections of the extrinsic tongue muscles. If true, non-invasive measures of tongue-palate pressure timing might serve as a proxy measure of hyoid excursion. The timing relationships between events in the tongue-palate(More)
Ultrasound imaging was used to investigate the articulation of the voiceless velar stop [k] in five speakers with compensatory articulation related to cleft palate. The perceptual evaluation of the acoustic realization and the visual assessment of the tongue movement for the target sound were made by three examiners. The analysis revealed a variety of(More)
The goal of the present study was to characterize normal and disordered Brazilian Portuguese liquids. The research hypotheses were that disordered liquid sounds would be characterized by (1) longer syllable and segment durations, (2) larger and more undifferentiated displacement of the tongue and (3) that the speech errors would show sub-phonemic(More)
Outcomes of articulation therapy for rhotic errors are usually assessed perceptually. However, our understanding of associated changes of tongue movement is limited. This study described perceptual, durational and tongue displacement changes over 10 sessions of articulation therapy for /ɹ/ in six children. Four of the participants also received ultrasound(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated nasalance in speakers from six different dialectal regions across North America using recent versions of the Nasometer. It was hypothesized that many of the sound changes observed in regional dialects of North American English would have a significant impact on measures of nasalance. METHOD Samples of the Zoo Passage, the(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke can cause hemilateral paresis of the tongue. The present study investigated the functional consequences of a lingual hemiparalysis on the symmetry and the grooving of the tongue in the coronal plane during the production of vowel-consonant-vowel sequences. The hypotheses were that, because of the lingual hemiparalysis, the stroke patients'(More)