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Hyperglycemia is associated with hemodynamic changes in type 1 diabetes (DM), acting in part through renin-angiotensin system activation. Since aging is associated with vascular dysfunction in DM, we hypothesized that acute hemodynamic responses to clamped hyperglycemia and infused ANG II would be exaggerated in older adults compared with a group of(More)
BACKGROUND Adult survivors with tetralogy of Fallot constitute a growing population with congenital heart disease. We investigated an inception cohort who underwent surgical repair. We aimed to characterize late hazard or risk for death, and determine the time-related risk of late re-operation and pulmonary valve replacement (PVR). METHODS All children(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to examine the effect of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) inhibition on endothelial function in subjects with type 1 diabetes analyzed on the basis of renal filtration status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was determined in type 1 diabetic subjects and hyperfiltration (glomerular filtration rate >or=135 ml/min/1.73(More)
OBJECTIVES Patients with SLE are at risk for premature atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome. Cytokines produced by adipocytes, adipokines, are important in glucose/lipid metabolism and the development of atherosclerosis. The objectives of this study were to evaluate leptin, adiponectin and ghrelin concentrations in paediatric SLE (pSLE) and to correlate(More)
In experimental studies, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2)-derived vasodilatory prostaglandins play a more prominent role in arterial vasoregulation in females. The gender-dependent effect of COX2 modulation in humans with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) is unknown. Accordingly, we examined the renal hemodynamic role of prostaglandins by assessing the response to COX2(More)
This study investigates the factors affecting the implementation and use of a portal to assist knowledge management objectives in higher education. The study explored factors influencing knowledge distribution by deriving a conceptual framework consisting of four (4) dimensions: knowledge volume, knowledge quality, knowledge dissemination, and information(More)
OBJECTIVE We have reported that renal hyperfiltration is associated with endothelial dysfunction in early type 1 diabetes. However, the relationship between renal hyperfiltration and arterial stiffness is unknown. Accordingly, we measured arterial stiffness in type 1 diabetic subjects with hyperfiltering (n = 20) or normofiltering (n = 18). RESEARCH(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute glycemic variability contributes to diabetic complications potentially through induction of inflammation. Our objective was to determine whether acute hyperglycemia affects urinary secretion of inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in humans with uncomplicated type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Blood pressure, renal hemodynamics(More)
We used flow-through respirometry on female mosquitoes to observe individual ventilatory pattern and to measure metabolic rate at rest, during activity and after a blood-meal. At rest, young adult females of the species Culex tarsalis ventilated cyclically with an average VCO2 of 6.5 nl/min and frequency of 45 mHz. Both resting metabolic rate and body mass(More)
BACKGROUND Turner Syndrome women are at high risk of vascular disease and the assessment of early risk factors in Turner Syndrome girls is an emerging focus of research. Our objective was to evaluate endothelial function (EF), a preclinical measure of atherosclerosis, in Turner Syndrome girls compared with controls. METHODS A cross-sectional case-control(More)