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This article discusses the roles of mammography-guided needle biopsy of the breast, pneumocystography, and galactography in further defining breast lesions that have been detected with mammography. For each procedure, indications for its use, proper technique, complications, interpretation, and role in clinical practice are described. Use of these(More)
OBJECTIVE The educational objectives of this self-assessment module are for the participant to exercise, self-assess, and improve his or her understanding of the imaging of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), with emphasis on acute spinal fractures. CONCLUSION Understanding the pathomechanics of the fractures in the ankylosed spine is(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the short-term effects of physical therapy (ice massage or wax packs, thermal baths, and faradic hand baths) and exercise therapy on the rheumatoid hand. METHODS The effect of individual physical therapy and exercise therapy programs was evaluated in 50 randomly selected rheumatoid arthritis inpatients (38 women and 12 men). Mean(More)
Four cases of columnar epithelial-lined lower esophagus are presented. The condition can be complicated by esophagitis, ulceration, perforation, and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus. When the squamocolumnar junction is involved by peptic esophagitis, the area of mucosal transition appears as a tapered, strictured segment or a ring-line constriction some(More)
OBJECTIVE To correlate the amount of bone marrow edema (BME) calculated by magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) with clinical findings, histopathology, and radiographic findings, in patients with advanced hip osteoarthritis(OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by The Institutional Human Subject Protection Committee. Coronal MRI of hips was(More)