Tilman Lange

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Data clustering describes a set of frequently employed techniques in exploratory data analysis to extract "natural" group structure in data. Such groupings need to be validated to separate the signal in the data from spurious structure. In this context, finding an appropriate number of clusters is a particularly important model selection question. We(More)
Classification problems abundantly arise in many computer vision tasks eing of supervised, semi-supervised or unsupervised nature. Even when class labels are not available, a user still might favor certain grouping solutions over others. This bias can be expressed either by providing a clustering criterion or cost function and, in addition to that, by(More)
Fusing multiple information sources can yield significant benefits to successfully accomplish learning tasks. Many studies have focussed on fusing information in supervised learning contexts. We present an approach to utilize multiple information sources in the form of similarity data for unsupervised learning. Based on similarity information, the(More)
A novel approach to combining clustering and feature selection is presented. It implements a wrapper strategy for feature selection, in the sense that the features are directly selected by optimizing the discriminative power of the used partitioning algorithm. On the technical side, we present an efficient optimization algorithm with guaranteed local(More)
Recognition of urban structures is of interest in cartography and urban modelling. While a broad range of typologies of urban patterns have been published in the last century, relatively little research on the automated recognition of such structures exists. This work presents a sample-based approach for the recognition of five types of urban structures:(More)
The concept of cluster stability is introduced to assess the validity of data partitionings found by clustering algorithms. It allows us to explicitly quantify the quality of a clustering solution, without being dependent on external information. The principle of maximizing the cluster stability can be interpreted as choosing the most self-consistent data(More)
A novel approach to class discovery in gene expression datasets is presented. In the context of clinical diagnosis, the central goal of class discovery algorithms is to simultaneously find putative (sub-)types of diseases and to identify informative subsets of genes with disease-type specific expression profile. Contrary to many other approaches in the(More)