Tilithia Burks

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The conformationally restricted, cyclic, disulfide-containing, enkephalin analogs [2-D-penicillamine, 5-L-penicillamine]enkephalin [(D-Pen2,L-Pen5]enkephalin) and [2-D-penicillamine, 5-D-penicillamine]enkephalin [(D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin) were synthesized by solid-phase methods. Selectivities of these analogs for a single class of opioid receptor were(More)
A series of six synthetic octapeptides, structurally related to somatostatin, demonstrate high affinity and selectivity for mu opioid receptors in radioligand binding assays. The compounds, D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Lys-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH2 (CTP), D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH2 (CTOP), D-Phe-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Arg-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH2 (CTAP), D-tetrahydroisoquinoline(More)
A new stress model in rats produced changes in intestinal function that resemble patterns of intestinal dysfunction associated with stress in humans: small intestinal transit was inhibited, large intestinal transit was stimulated, and fecal excretion was stimulated. To evaluate the role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in mediating the effects of(More)
The opioid receptors involved in the mediation of thermal analgesia (55 degrees C hot-plate) and inhibition of gastrointestinal transit at the spinal and supraspinal levels were studied in unanesthetized mice. Five receptor-selective compounds were evaluated for effectiveness in eliciting analgesia and inhibiting transit after both i.c.v. and intrathecal(More)
A new method for quantifying intestinal transit was evaluated by comparison with two other popular techniques. The distribution of radiochromium (51Cr) throughout the small intestine of rats previously treated with saline (1.0 ml/kg s.c.), capsaicin (10 mg/kg s.c.), hexamethonium (20 mg/kg i.p.), D-ala2-met-enkephalinamide (1.0 microgram i.c.v.), or(More)
Systemic administration of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin to adult rats of two different strains and of capsaicin to neonatal rats, depleted substance P levels in dorsal roots plus ganglia and in dorsal spinal cord. In no case was this depletion accompanied by substantially altered tail-flick latencies. The results are not consistent with a role of the(More)
The effect of pretreatment with naloxonazine on opioid-mediated antinociception against a thermal stimulus (55 degrees C warm-water tail-flick test) and inhibition of gastrointestinal transit at supraspinal and spinal levels was studied in unanesthetized mice. The mu-selective agonist [D-Ala2, N-methyl-Phe4, Gly5-ol]enkephalin (DAGO), the delta-selective(More)
The interaction of capsaicin with microsomal drug-metabolizing systems was assessed to determine the role that bioactivation of capsaicin may play in the induction of hepatotoxicity and neurotoxicity. Capsaicin produced a type I spectral change in rat hepatic microsomes in a high affinity (Ks = 8 microM) concentration-dependent manner and was approximately(More)
Stress in humans commonly results in gastrointestinal dysfunction, which is characterized by its symptomatology because the etiology is completely unknown. We developed an animal model in which to study the effects of stress on the gastrointestinal tract, and characterized the model as a stressor by evaluating endocrine and analgesic responses to mild(More)