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This study sought to investigate cognitive-behavioural predictors of children's tolerance for laboratory-induced cold-pressor pain. It was hypothesised that pain tolerance, as measured by immersion time, would be greater in children who were high in self-efficacy for pain, high in self-reported use of cognitive-coping strategies, and low in emotion-focused(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize studies testing the efficacy and safety of single-dose acetaminophen and ibuprofen for treating children's pain or fever. DATA SOURCES Reports were gathered by searching computerized databases (from their inception through May 2002) and registries, relevant journals, and bibliographies of key articles. STUDY SELECTION Seventeen(More)
BACKGROUND There are conflicting views and practices regarding whether or not parents should be present at the time of their child's medical procedure. A systematic review was conducted to assess the effects of parental presence in the paediatric treatment room on child, parent and health professional outcomes and to synthesize this body of literature. (More)
This article reviews the various settings in which infants, children, and adolescents experience pain during acute medical procedures and issues related to referral of children to pain management teams. In addition, self-report, reports by others, physiological monitoring, and direct observation methods of assessment of pain and related constructs are(More)
OBJECTIVES Specific potential determinants of infant pain response were assessed in the context of a 4- or 6-month immunization injection. The distal influences of gender, gestational and current age, temperament, and early nociceptive stimuli were considered, as well as the proximal influences of parental and nurse coping-promoting statements within the(More)
This study assessed the relative efficacy of two imagery-based attentional strategies for modifying pain experience in children. Children aged 7-14 years (n = 120) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: distraction, sensory-focussing or control (no imagery). The distraction condition prompted children to focus their attention externally; the(More)
Many tools for self-report measurement of children’s pain have been developed independently of each other. There has been little research comparing their properties so that the best tools can be chosen. The present study compared and cross-calibrated six self-report measures of children’s pain intensity. The measures examined were the Faces Pain Scale(More)
Distraction techniques are widely used in the management of children’s pain and hold considerable intuitive appeal. It is important, however, that health professionals do not rely on intuition alone and that clinical practice be guided by research. This paper reviews the evidence from both the experimental and clinical literature evaluating the efficacy of(More)
Consistent with a biopsychosocial framework for understanding children’s pain, it is important to recognize that many areas in a child’s life may be affected by chronic or recurrent pain. Attendance at school typically occupies a large number of a child’s waking hours. It is an environment where social relationships develop and important learning occurs.(More)