Tiina Leppänen

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Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a 3’-UTR-binding protein known to destabilize mRNAs of TNFα and some other cytokines and to act as an anti-inflammatory factor. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of classical protein kinase C isoenzymes (cPKC) in the regulation of TTP expression in activated macrophages. The expression of TTP in J774 macrophages was(More)
SCOPE Low-grade inflammation is a hallmark of cardiometabolic risk. Bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus) are rich in polyphenols with potential anti-inflammatory properties. We studied the impact of bilberries on inflammation and gene expression profile in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in subjects with metabolic syndrome. METHODS AND RESULTS In(More)
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) is an ion channel involved in thermosensation and nociception. TRPA1 is activated by exogenous irritants and also by oxidants formed in inflammatory reactions. However, our understanding of its role in inflammation is limited. Here, we tested the hypothesis that TRPA1 is involved in acute inflammatory edema.(More)
OBJECTIVES Adipocytokines are hormones regulating energy metabolism and appetite and according to recent reports also inflammatory responses including ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Based on experimental data, we hypothesized that the levels of adipocytokines adiponectin, adipsin, leptin and/or resistin would correlate with myocardial injury, inflammation(More)
European, small-fruited cranberries (Vaccinium microcarpon) and lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) were characterized for their phenolic compounds and tested for antioxidant, antimicrobial, antiadhesive, and antiinflammatory effects. The main phenolic compounds in both lingonberries and cranberries were proanthocyanidins comprising 63-71% of the total(More)
Tristetraprolin (TTP) binds to AU-rich elements within the mRNAs of several inflammatory genes and causes destabilization of the target mRNAs. The protein kinase C (PKC) pathway represents a major signalling system in inflammation and PKCdelta is one of the key isoenzymes in the regulation of inflammatory processes. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) production through the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) pathway is increased in response to pro-inflammatory cytokines and bacterial products. In inflammation, NO has pro-inflammatory and regulatory effects. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), members of the nuclear steroid receptor(More)
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) is known to be rich in phenolic compounds, which may have anti-inflammatory properties. The present study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of a knot extract from P. sylvestris and two stilbenes, pinosylvin and monomethylpinosylvin, isolated from the extract. Inflammation is characterized by increased release of(More)
Running a marathon causes strenuous joint loading and increased energy expenditure. Adipokines regulate energy metabolism, but recent studies have indicated that they also exert a role in cartilage degradation in arthritis. Our aim was to investigate the effects of running a marathon on the levels of adipokines and indices of cartilage metabolism. Blood(More)
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a tandem zinc finger protein that can bind to AU-rich elements (AREs) in the 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTR) in mRNAs of transiently expressed genes, e.g. tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). TTP increases the turnover rate of the target mRNAs, thereby reducing, for(More)