Tiina L Hurskainen

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Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are among the potential key mediators of cancer invasion, their involvement in premalignant lesions and conditions is not clarified. Therefore, we studied, using in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and zymography the expression and distribution of MMP-1 and -2, and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs -1, -2 and(More)
We have examined the expression of 2 type IV collagen degrading enzymes (Mr 72,000 and 92,000 type IV collagenases) in human skin cancer by in situ hybridization. In all cases of infiltrating carcinomas of squamous cell (9 of 9) and basal cell (5 of 5) types, messenger RNA for the Mr 72,000 type IV collagenase was present in numerous fibroblasts. These were(More)
We report the isolation of a cDNA clone providing the first and complete sequence of mouse 72-kDa type IV collagenase. The clone contains 2800 nucleotides with a 1986-nucleotide open reading frame coding for 662 amino acids. The amino acid sequence includes a 29-residue signal peptide, an 80-residue propeptide, and a 553-residue enzyme proper. The sequence(More)
BACKGROUND 72 Kilodalton (kd) type IV collagenase is a matrix metalloproteinase that specifically cleaves type IV collagen molecules. The enzyme has been postulated to have an important role in the invasion and spread of malignant tumors. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In situ hybridization was used to study the expression of the 72 kd type IV collagenase mRNA in 24(More)
BACKGROUND In this study we used in situ hybridization to investigate the expression of the genes 70 kilodalton (kd) collagenase and the alpha 1(IV) collagen chain of type IV collagen in cells of early human placenta and gestational endometrium. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The aim was to study the spatial distribution of these gene expressions within a developing(More)
Cytotrophoblasts of early placenta invade the decidual membrane, gestational endometrium, and spiral arteries during early pregnancy. Unlike tumor invasion, this physiological invasion is well controlled, although its molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. We have previously shown that cytotrophoblasts synthesize significant mRNAs for 72-KD Type IV(More)
The kidney filtration barrier consists of the capillary endothelium, the glomerular basement membrane and the slit diaphragm localized between foot processes of neighbouring podocytes. We report that collagen XVII, a transmembrane molecule known to be required for epithelial adhesion, is expressed in podocytes of normal human and mouse kidneys and in(More)
In pemphigoid gestationis (PG), autoantibodies target collagen XVII, a hemidesmosomal transmembrane protein, which is an important element in cutaneous epithelial adhesion and signalling. We report that collagen XVII is expressed in the first trimester and term syncytial and cytotrophoblastic cells of normal placenta and in epithelial cells of amniotic(More)
The extracellular matrix proteolytic machinery is known to play a major role in trophoblast invasion, a process that shares similar features with the pathology of tumor invasion. In this study we investigated the expression of the recently described membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MT-MMP-1; MMP-14) in early human placenta and decidual membrane to(More)
Gestational pemphigoid (PG), a very rare pregnancy-associated bullous dermatosis, is associated with adverse pregnancy outcome (miscarriage, preterm delivery, foetal growth restriction). The major antigen in PG is collagen XVII (BP180). PG autoantibodies cross-react with collagen XVII in the skin and have been suggested to cause placental failure. On this(More)