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An in vivo screen was performed in search of chemicals capable of enhancing neuron formation in the hippocampus of adult mice. Eight of 1000 small molecules tested enhanced neuron formation in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. Among these was an aminopropyl carbazole, designated P7C3, endowed with favorable pharmacological properties. In vivo(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated formation of recurrent excitatory circuits between sprouted mossy fibers and granule cell dendrites in the inner molecular layer of the dentate gyrus (9, 28, 30). In addition, there is evidence that inhibitory nonprincipal cells also receive an input from sprouted mossy fibers (39). This study was undertaken to further(More)
We studied the neuroprotective effect of vigabatrin (gamma-vinyl GABA, VGB) in the rat hippocampus after status epilepticus (SE) induced by kainic acid (KA). Rats were treated with VGB (500 or 1000 mg/kg, i.p.) 24 h before KA injection (9 mg/kg, i.p.). The lower dose of VGB had no effect on the generation or severity of convulsions. However, VGB decreased(More)
Our preliminary results showed that mossy fibres do not undergo sprouting after global ischaemia in gerbils, although the pattern of hippocampal cell damage resembled that seen in ischaemic and epileptic rats, where mossy fibre sprouting is known to occur. In order to investigate whether the observed differences in the appearance of mossy fibre sprouting(More)
Nitric oxide has been postulated as a retrograde intercellular messenger for long-term potentiation, a form of synaptic plasticity that is associated with learning and memory processes. In the present study we investigated whether the loss or survival of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase-containing neurons, which are known to(More)
Kainic acid (KA)-induced convulsions are accompanied by histopathological changes that are most prominent in the temporal lobe structures. In the present study, we investigated whether a selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist, dexmedetomidine could attenuate KA-induced epileptic convulsions and subsequent neuronal damage in the rat hippocampus. Rats were(More)
Several experimental models of epilepsy have used kainic acid in animals to induce seizures and neuropathological changes which mimic those observed in human temporal lobe epilepsy. These models differ in the location and manner in which kainic acid is applied. In the present study, we characterized the seizure activity and neuropathological changes that(More)
Neurons containing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) diaphorase exhibit high resistance to several excitotoxins. In the neocortex and striatum, however, these neurons are sensitive to kainic acid. Here we report that, 2 weeks after i.p. injection of kainic acid, the number of NADPH diaphorase neurons in the hilus and CA1 subfield was(More)
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