Tiina Kokko

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A homogeneous non-competitive assay principle for measurement of small analytes based on quenching of fluorescence is described. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) occurs between the donor, intrinsically fluorescent europium(III)-chelate conjugated to streptavidin, and the acceptor, quencher dye conjugated to biotin derivative when the(More)
Many well-established homogeneous separation free immunoassays rely on particulate label technologies. Particles generally contain a high concentration of the embedded label and they have a large surface area, which enables conjugation of a large amount of protein per particle. Eu(III)-chelate dyed nanoparticles have been successfully used as labels in(More)
A comparison has been made between the effects of the administration of flunitrazepam 1 mg i.v. and diazepam 10 mg i.v. in 90 female patients undergoing abdominal surgery. The drugs were given immediately before the skin incision as a booster to the induction agent thiopentone. The response to the incision, the quality of anaesthesia and the need for(More)
The emission spectra of the lanthanide chelates enable them to act as a donor for several acceptors emitting at different wavelengths. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer between terbium(III) chelate labeled antibody Fab fragment (donor) and a 17beta-estradiol conjugated to Alexa Fluor 488, 555, 594 or 680 (acceptor) was employed to study the(More)
Three monoclonal antibodies (Mab) specific for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were used to design a homogeneous dual-parameter immunoassay based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). One antibody was labeled with terbium(III) chelate, which acted as a donor, and the other two antibodies were labeled with fluorescent acceptor dyes (either Alexa(More)
We previously presented a homogeneous noncompetitive assay principle based on quenching of the fluorescence of europium(III) chelate. This assay principle has now been applied to the measurement of 17beta-estradiol (E2) using europium(III) chelate labeled estradiol specific antibody Fab fragment (Eu(III)-Fab) as a donor and E2 conjugated with nonfluorescent(More)
FadR, an acylCoA-dependent Escherichia coli transcription factor controlling the expression of genes involved in fatty-acid degradation and synthesis, has been crystallized. Crystals of two binary complexes were obtained. The FadR-CoA complex crystallized in space group C222(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 61.3, b = 102.0, c = 91.3 A. The(More)
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