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We have discovered that three longevity mutants of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans also exhibit increased intrinsic thermotolerance (Itt) as young adults. Mutation of the age-1 gene causes not only 65% longer life expectancy but also Itt. The Itt phenotype cosegregates with age-1. Long-lived spe-26 and daf-2 mutants also exhibit Itt. We investigated the(More)
Two monoclonal antibodies, designated MRC OX-41 and MRC OX-42, have been shown to label subsets of macrophages. Using immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence analysis, tissue macrophages were shown to be heterogeneous with respect to binding of MRC OX-41 and MRC OX-42 antibodies. Although both antibodies labelled subsets of macrophages, the antibodies also(More)
Pharmacological differences between muscarinic cholinergic receptors coupled to phosphoinositide turnover and those coupled to adenylate cyclase were studied. Stimulation of muscarinic receptors from SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells resulted in phosphoinositide hydrolysis, but not in inhibition of cAMP formation. As has been shown previously, stimulation(More)
We present evidence for elevated levels of heat shock protein 16 (HSP16) in an intrinsically thermotolerant, long-lived strain of Caenorhabditis elegans during and after heat stress. Mutation of the age-1 gene, encoding a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase catalytic subunit, results in both extended life span (Age) and increased intrinsic thermotolerance (Itt)(More)
A mouse monoclonal antibody, MRC OX-43, has been shown to label vascular endothelium in all tissues of the rat except that of brain capillaries. Using immunoperoxidase staining, the antigen was shown to be expressed on the luminal surface of blood vessels. In addition, this antibody recognized a surface antigen on circulating erythrocytes and some(More)
Age-synchronous cohorts of Caenorhabditis elegans were grown at 20 degrees C, then stressed at 30 degrees C or 35 degrees C. Intrinsic thermotolerance of wild type and age-1 mutant strains was assessed by measuring either progeny production or survival. In addition to increased life span (Age), mutation of age-1 results in a highly significant increased(More)
Purified human high-mol-wt kininogen (HMWK), the cofactor of the contact phase of blood coagulation, migrated as a single band (approximately 110,000 mol wt) in a continuous buffer sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), but appeared as two separated bands (approximately 120,000 and 105,000 mol wt) when analyzed in a(More)
Simian varicella virus (SVV) causes varicella (chickenpox) in nonhuman primates, becomes latent in cranial and dorsal root ganglia, and reactivates to produce zoster (shingles). Because the clinical and molecular features of SVV closely resemble those of varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection of humans, SVV infection of primates has served as an(More)
Agonist-induced sequestration and desensitization of muscarinic receptors was studied in two cell lines that each express differentially-coupled receptors. The NG108-15 glioma x neuroblastoma hybrid cells have muscarinic receptors coupled only to the inhibition of adenylate cyclase, whereas SK-N-SH human neuroblastoma cells have muscarinic receptors coupled(More)
Clinical, pathologic, immunologic and virologic features of simian varicella virus (SVV) infection in primates closely resemble varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in humans. Such similarities provide a rationale to analyze SVV infection in primates as a model of varicella pathogenesis and latency. Thus, we constructed an SVV-expressing green fluorescent(More)