Tiffany Lightfoot

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Sir, Kroll et al (2011) recently reported their findings from an ecological analysis examining paediatric leukaemia registration rates and area-based deprivation in England and Wales. Much to our surprise, selective subgroup findings from the United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study ( were presented in support of their observations – in our view(More)
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is selectively over-expressed in colorectal tumours. The mechanism of COX-2 induction in these tumours is not fully understood, although evidence suggests a possible link between nuclear factor (NF)-kB and COX-2. We hypothesised an association between COX-2 expression and NF-kB-p65, NF-kB-p50 and IkB-kinase-a (IKKa) in(More)
BACKGROUND The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL6) promotes colorectal cancer (CRC) development. It is also known to regulate cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes, which are involved in CRC tumour initiation and promotion via activation of chemical carcinogens. Here, IL6 regulation of CYP450 expression was investigated in CRC. METHODS The effect of(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is selectively overexpressed in colorectal tumours. The mechanism of COX-2 induction is not fully understood, but requires de novo messenger RNA and protein synthesis, indicating regulation at the transcriptional level. Sequence analysis of the 5 0-flanking region of the COX-2 gene shows two nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) sites.(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) have identified associations with genetic variation at both HLA and non-HLA loci; however, much of heritable HL susceptibility remains unexplained. Here we perform a meta-analysis of three HL GWAS totaling 1,816 cases and 7,877 controls followed by replication in an independent set of(More)
A small expert group met in conclave in July 2010 to define a long-term strategic research agenda toward further clarification of the etiology of childhood leukemia (CL). The motivation and invitation for this project came from the German Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) because radiation experts have been puzzled for some time by epidemiological(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have shown that common genetic variation contributes to the heritable risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To identify new susceptibility loci for the largest subtype of ALL, B-cell precursor ALL (BCP-ALL), we conducted a meta-analysis of two GWASs with imputation using 1000 Genomes and UK10K Project(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage renal disease is accompanied by functional and structural vascular abnormalities. The objective of this study was to characterize vascular function in a large cohort of patients with end-stage renal disease, using noninvasive physiological measurements, and to correlate function with demographic and clinical factors. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The approved treatment by the Food and Drug Administration for acute ischemic stroke is intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (IV tPA). After IV tPA administration, patients are monitored for adverse events using an American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guideline instituted in 1996. There is limited evidence(More)
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