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It is important to understand whether functional maps of primary visual cortex (V1) are organized differently at the representation of different eccentricities. By using optical imaging of intrinsic signals, we compared the maps of orientation and spatial frequency (SF) preference between central (0-3 degrees ) and paracentral (4-8 degrees ) V1 in the(More)
Glial cells produce myelin and contribute to axonal morphology in the nervous system. Two myelin membrane proteolipids, PLP and DM20, were shown to be essential for the integrity of myelinated axons. In the absence of PLP-DM20, mice assembled compact myelin sheaths but subsequently developed widespread axonal swellings and degeneration, associated(More)
Mutations of the proteolipid protein (Plp) gene cause a generalized central nervous system (CNS) myelin deficit in Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease of man and various tremor syndromes in animal models. X-linked spastic paraplegia is also due to Plp gene mutations but has a different clinical profile and more restricted pathology involving specific tracts and(More)
The neuropathology of 20 German shepherd dogs and five German shepherd dog crosses with chronic degenerative radiculomyelopathy were analysed by conventional techniques, immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy. There were previously unrecognised changes in brain nuclei. In the spinal cord, both motor and sensory tracts were involved, principally in(More)
Transport vesicle formation requires the association of cytosolic proteins with the membrane. We have previously described a brefeldin-A sensitive, hydrophilic protein (p230), containing a very high frequency of heptad repeats, found in the cytosol and associated with Golgi membranes. We show here that p230 is localised on the trans-Golgi network, by(More)
Increased dosage of the proteolipid protein (Plp) gene causes CNS disease (Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease [PMD]), which has many similarities to disorders of the PNS associated with duplication of the peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) gene locus. Transgenic mice carrying extra copies of the wild-type Plp gene provide a valid model of PMD. Variations in(More)
The jimpy mutation of the X-linked proteolipid protein (Plp) gene causes dysmyelination and premature death of the mice. The established phenotype is characterised by severe hypomyelination, increased numbers of dead oligodendrocytes and astrocytosis. The purpose of this study was to define the earliest cellular abnormalities in the cervical spinal cord. We(More)
The X-linked proteolipid protein (Plp) gene encodes PLP, the major protein of central nervous system myelin, and its alternative RNA splice product, termed DM20. Schwann cells also express the Plp gene but, in contrast to oligodendrocytes, neither protein is incorporated into peripheral myelin. In the present study, we use different transgenes encoding PLP(More)
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