Tien-Yau Luh

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Two regioisomers with C3 or D3 symmetry of water-soluble carboxylic acid C60 derivatives, containing three malonic acid groups per molecule, were synthesized and found to be equipotent free radical scavengers in solution as assessed by EPR analysis. Both compounds also inhibited the excitotoxic death of cultured cortical neurons induced by exposure to(More)
DNA-damaging reagents may kill tumor cells through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Cytotoxic reagents may also induce apoptosis of cancer cells in Fas-FADD-dependent manners. In this study, we explored the possible link between these two apparently distinct pathways in T leukemia cell Jurkat. Our results demonstrated that gamma-irradiation,(More)
LIGHT (homologous to lymphotoxins, shows inducible expression, and competes with herpes simplex virus glycoprotein D for herpesvirus entry mediator, a receptor expressed by T lymphocytes) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily that can interact with lymphotoxin-beta receptor (LTbetaR), herpes virus entry mediator, and decoy receptor (DcR3). In(More)
C(60), vitamin E, and three C(60) derivatives (polar 1 and water-soluble C(3)/D(3)C(60)s) were examined for their antioxidant effects on prevention of lipid peroxidation induced by superoxide and hydroxyl radicals. The protection effect on lipid peroxidation was found to be in the sequence: C(60) >/= vitamin E > 1 > none, for liposoluble antioxidants, and(More)
Carboxyfullerene, a water-soluble carboxylic acid derivative of a fullerene, was investigated as a protective agent against iron-induced oxidative stress in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system of anesthetized rats. Intranigral infusion of exclusive carboxyfullerene did not increase lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra or deplete dopamine content in(More)
Fullerene compounds have avid reactivity with free radicals and are regarded as 'radical sponges'. The trimalonic acid derivative of fullerene is one of the water-soluble compounds that has been synthesized and found to be an effective antioxidant both in vivo and in vitro. Carboxyfullerene has been shown to be effective in the treatment of both(More)
Ceramide has been suggested as the secondary messenger mediating the apoptotic signal for Fas engagement. By using different inhibitors, we demonstrated here that ceramide is unlikely a mediator of Fas-initiated apoptosis. First, cAMP prevented cell death induced by ceramide but not by Fas. Second, ceramide-triggered, but not Fas-triggered, apoptosis was(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to induce apoptosis in normal hepatocytes and hepatoma cells both in vivo and in vitro. However, the mechanism by which TGF-beta induces apoptosis is not clear. The antiapoptotic activity of antioxidants including N-acetyl-L-cysteine (Ac-Cys), ascorbic acid and a novel free radical scavenger,(More)
LIGHT is a member of the tumor necrosis factor superfamily and is the ligand for LT-betaR, HVEM, and decoy receptor 3. LIGHT has a cytotoxic effect, which is further enhanced by the presence of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Although LIGHT/IFN-gamma can activate caspase activity, neither benzyloxycarbonyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-fluoromethylketone nor(More)