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Clinicians and researchers often ask patients to remember their past pain. They also use patient's reports of relief from pain as evidence of treatment efficacy, assuming that relief represents the difference between pretreatment pain and present pain. We have estimated the accuracy of remembering pain and described the relationship between remembered pain,(More)
This study compared myofascial pain of the masticatory muscles to fibromyalgia. Study data show that, in both myofascial pain and fibromyalgia patients, facial pain intensity and its daily pattern and effect on quality of life are very similar. This indicates that fibromyalgia should be included in the differential diagnosis for myofascial pain of the(More)
Oral splints are widely used in the treatment of myofascial pain of masticatory muscles, even though their mechanism of action is unknown. The present study evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of splints using a parallel, randomized, controlled and blind design. Following a sample size estimation, 63 subjects were recruited and assigned to 3 groups: (1)(More)
For patients with patterns ranging out of anthropometric standard values, patient-specific musculoskeletal modelling becomes crucial for clinical diagnosis and follow-up. However, patient-specific modelling using imaging techniques and motion capture systems is mainly subject to experimental errors. The aim of this study was to quantify these experimental(More)
There is evidence that serotonin may be implicated in the pathophysiology of myofascial pain (MFP). Because of this, we used oral sumatriptan (Imitrex, Glaxo), a peripherally acting agonist of 5-HT1D receptors, in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled double crossover pilot study of 7 patients with episodic MFP of the temporalis muscles. The(More)
An electromyographic study was undertaken to discover the mechanism by which the Myo-monitor instrument causes muscle contraction. Our data, which strongly suggest that the distal axons of the motoneurons are directly stimulated, lend support to previous studies showing that the stimulus does not cause reflex activation of the jaw closing muscles. Inasmuch(More)
When a clinical trial is planned, the approximate number of subjects needed for significant differences between/among groups to be detected must be estimated. Sample-size calculations provide the investigator with this information. This paper discusses the choice of outcome measures and describes the steps used to estimate the numbers of subjects necessary(More)
Capturing patient- or condition-specific intervertebral disk (IVD) properties in finite element models is outmost important in order to explore how biomechanical and biophysical processes may interact in spine diseases. However, disk degenerative changes are often modeled through equations similar to those employed for healthy organs, which might not be(More)