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Yeast and vertebrate nuclear pores display significant morphological similarity by electron microscopy, but sequence similarity between the respective proteins has been more difficult to observe. Herein we have identified a vertebrate nucleoporin, Nup93, in both human and Xenopus that has proved to be an evolutionarily related homologue of the yeast(More)
Interphase cytosol extracts prepared from Xenopus laevis eggs are active in RNA polymerase III (Pol III) transcription. Addition of recombinant B1 cyclin to these extracts activates mitotic protein kinases that repress transcription. Affinity-purified p34cdc2-cyclin B kinase (mitosis-promoting factor) is sufficient to effect this repression in a simplified(More)
The galectin family of beta-galactoside binding lectins is involved in normal and pathological processes. Altered expression of galectin-3 has been described in many cancers, and studies of cancer cell lines have implicated this lectin in various aspects of the tumorigenic cascade. The goal of this report was to directly assess the importance of galectin-3(More)
Galectins, a family of beta-galactoside binding lectins, have recently emerged as novel regulators of tissue homeostasis. Galectin-7 is predominantly expressed in stratified epithelia, especially in epidermis. We report here the generation of galectin-7-deficient mice that are viable and do not display phenotypical abnormalities in skin structure or(More)
In order to identify genes that are involved in oncogenesis and to understand how such genes affect cancers, abnormal gene expressions in cancers are actively studied. For an efficient access to the results of such studies that are reported in biomedical literature, the relevant information is accumulated via text-mining tools and made available through the(More)
Crude extracts of Xenopus eggs are capable of nuclear assembly around chromatin templates or even around protein-free, naked DNA templates. Here the requirements for nuclear assembly around a naked DNA template were investigated. Extracts were separated by ultracentrifugation into cytosol, membrane, and gelatinous pellet fractions. It was found that, in(More)
Transcription of 5S rRNA and tRNA genes by RNA polymerase III (pol III) in cytosolic extracts of unfertilized Xenopus eggs and in a reconstituted system derived from Xenopus oocytes is repressed by the action of one or more mitotic protein kinases. Repression is due to the phosphorylation of a component of the pol III transcription apparatus. We find that(More)
Coordination of ciliary beating is essential to ensure mucus clearance in the airway tract. The orientation and synchronization of ciliary motion responds in part to the organization of the underlying cytoskeletal networks. Using electron tomography on mouse trachea, we show that basal bodies are collectively hooked at the cortex by a regular microtubule(More)
BACKGROUND The proteins of the galectin family are implicated in many cellular processes, including cell interactions, polarity, intracellular trafficking, and signal transduction. In human and mouse, galectin-7 is almost exclusively expressed in stratified epithelia, notably in the epidermis. Galectin-7 expression is also altered in several human tumors of(More)
PURPOSE Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignancy of the biliary epithelium that is associated with low five-year survival. The apelin receptor (APLNR), which is activated by the apelin peptide, has not been studied in CCA. The purpose of this study is to determine if inhibition of the apelin/APLNR axis can inhibit CCA growth. METHODS Immunohistochemistry,(More)