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PURPOSE Taxol has emerged as a valuable antimitotic chemotherapeutic agent, particularly in advanced breast and ovarian cancers. Although much is known about cytotoxic mechanisms, the effectiveness of Taxol cannot be solely explained by microtubular interaction. This study was undertaken to determine whether ceramide generation plays a role in Taxol-induced(More)
Adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) is one of the most promising vectors for gene therapy applications. Genetic engineering of Ad5 capsid proteins has been employed to redirect vector tropism, to enhance infectivity, or to circumvent preexisting host immunity. As the most abundant capsid protein, hexon modification is particularly attractive. However, genetic(More)
In this study we demonstrate that the multidrug resistance (MDR) modulator PSC 833 is a potent agonist of ceramide metabolism. When added with [3H]serine or [3H]palmitic acid to the culture medium of MCF-7 cells, PSC 833, in a dose-responsive fashion (1-10 microM), increased the levels of [3H]ceramide as much as 16-fold over control. The actual increase in(More)
Ceramide glycosylation, through glucosylceramide synthase (GCS), allows cellular escape from ceramide-induced programmed cell death. This glycosylation event confers cancer cell resistance to cytotoxic anticancer agents [Liu, Y. Y., Han, T. Y., Giuliano, A. E., and M. C. Cabot. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 1140-1146]. We previously found that(More)
We have previously shown that multidrug-resistant cancer cells display elevated levels of glucosylceramide (Lavie, Y., Cao, H., Bursten, S. L., Giuliano, A. E., and Cabot, M. C. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 19530-19536). In this study we used the multidrug-resistant human breast cancer cell line MCF-7-Adriamycin-resistant (AdrR), which exhibits marked(More)
Adenoviral vectors based on serotype 5 (Ad5) have been widely used to deliver therapeutic genes to different organs and tissues. However, many tissues are poorly infected with Ad5 because of low-level expression of its primary receptor, coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR). Two motifs, RGD and polylysine (pK7), have been shown to enhance Ad5 infection(More)
Resistance to chemotherapy is the major cause of cancer treatment failure. Insight into the mechanism of action of agents that modulate multidrug resistance (MDR) is instrumental for the design of more effective treatment modalities. Here we show, using KB-V-1 MDR human epidermoid carcinoma cells and [3H]palmitic acid as metabolic tracer, that the MDR(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple-drug resistance (MDR) is a major reason for chemotherapy failure. Herein we describe glucosylceramide, a new marker for MDR. METHODS Cellular lipids were analyzed in three human MDR cancer cell lines and their drug-sensitive counterparts. Analysis of glucosylceramide was also performed in six melanoma specimens and one breast tumor(More)
The antiestrogen tamoxifen is widely used for endocrine therapy of breast cancer; however, the mechanisms of estrogen receptor-independent interactions of tamoxifen remain ill defined. Here we examine the effect of tamoxifen on the initial steps of cell signal transduction. To this end, phospholipid metabolism and protein kinase C (PKC) translocation were(More)
PURPOSE The use of conditionally replicating adenoviruses (CRAD) is dependent on molecular differences between tumor cells and nontumor cells. Transcriptional targeting of CRAD replication via tumor-specific promoters is an effective way to control replication regulation. Genetic fiber pseudotyping is an approach for circumventing low expression of the(More)