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Glycosylasparaginase is an N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase and is activated by intramolecular autoproteolytic processing. This cis-autoproteolysis possesses unique kinetics characterized by a reversible N-O acyl rearrangement step in the processing. Arg-180 and Asp-183, involved in binding of the substrate in the mature enzyme, are also involved in binding(More)
The activation mechanism of glycosylasparaginase of Flavobacterium meningosepticum has been analyzed by site-directed mutagenesis and activation of purified precursors in vitro. Mutation of Thr-152 to Ser or Cys leads to gene products that are not activated in vivo but are activated in vitro because processing of the mutant precursors is inhibited by(More)
Silveirinha and Engheta have recently proposed that electromagnetic waves can tunnel through a material with an electric permittivity (epsilon) near zero (ENZ). An ENZ material of arbitrary geometry can thus serve as a perfect coupler between incoming and outgoing waveguides with identical cross-sectional area, so long as one dimension of the ENZ is(More)
We theoretically demonstrated and experimentally verified high-order radial spoof localized surface plasmon resonances supported by textured metal particles. Through an effective medium theory and exact numerical simulations, we show the emergence of these geometrically-originated electromagnetic modes at microwave frequencies. The occurrence of high-order(More)
Since invisibility cloaks were first suggested by transformation optics theory, there has been much work on the theoretical analysis and design of various types and a few experimental verifications at microwave and optical frequencies within two-dimensional limits. Here, we realize the first practical implementation of a fully 3D broadband and low-loss(More)
The crystal structure of recombinant glycosylasparaginase from Flavobacterium meningosepticum has been determined at 2.32 angstroms resolution. This enzyme is a glycoamidase that cleaves the link between the asparagine and the N-acetylglucosamine of N-linked oligosaccharides and plays a major role in the degradation of glycoproteins. The three-dimensional(More)
We present the first experimental demonstration of a dc electric cloak for steady current fields. Using the analogy between electrically conducting materials and resistor networks, a dc invisibility cloak is designed, fabricated, and tested using the circuit theory. We show that the dc cloak can guide electric currents around the cloaked region smoothly and(More)
We propose a tunable strategy for the ultrathin mantle cloak via metasurface. The tunable cloak is implemented by loading varactor diodes between two neighboring horizontal metallic strips which constitute the metasurface. We demonstrate that the varactor diodes enable the capacitive reactance of the metasurface to be tunable from -157 Ω to -3 Ω when the DC(More)