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We present the first experimental demonstration of a dc electric cloak for steady current fields. Using the analogy between electrically conducting materials and resistor networks, a dc invisibility cloak is designed, fabricated, and tested using the circuit theory. We show that the dc cloak can guide electric currents around the cloaked region smoothly and(More)
We theoretically demonstrated and experimentally verified high-order radial spoof localized surface plasmon resonances supported by textured metal particles. Through an effective medium theory and exact numerical simulations, we show the emergence of these geometrically-originated electromagnetic modes at microwave frequencies. The occurrence of high-order(More)
Since invisibility cloaks were first suggested by transformation optics theory, there has been much work on the theoretical analysis and design of various types and a few experimental verifications at microwave and optical frequencies within two-dimensional limits. Here, we realize the first practical implementation of a fully 3D broadband and low-loss(More)
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) are localized surface electromagnetic waves that propagate along the interface between a metal and a dielectric. Owing to their inherent subwavelength confinement, SPPs have a strong potential to become building blocks of a type of photonic circuitry built up on 2D metal surfaces; however, SPPs are difficult to control on(More)
Glycosylasparaginase is an N-terminal nucleophile hydrolase and is activated by intramolecular autoproteolytic processing. This cis-autoproteolysis possesses unique kinetics characterized by a reversible N-O acyl rearrangement step in the processing. Arg-180 and Asp-183, involved in binding of the substrate in the mature enzyme, are also involved in binding(More)
Silveirinha and Engheta have recently proposed that electromagnetic waves can tunnel through a material with an electric permittivity (epsilon) near zero (ENZ). An ENZ material of arbitrary geometry can thus serve as a perfect coupler between incoming and outgoing waveguides with identical cross-sectional area, so long as one dimension of the ENZ is(More)
Crystallographic analysis and site-directed mutagenesis have been used to identify the catalytic and oligosaccharide recognition residues of peptide-N4-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl)asparagine amidase F (PNGase F), an amidohydrolase that removes intact asparagine-linked oligosaccharide chains from glycoproteins and glycopeptides. Mutagenesis has shown that(More)