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Inula britannica, a Kampo medicine, is prepared from the heads of Compositae plants such as Inula britannica L., which has been used clinically as a remedy for nausea, hiccup and excessive sputum. Here it is shown that administration of Inula britannica improves the survival rate of mice with hepatic injury induced by LPS/PA. It is also suggested that(More)
Recent studies have suggested that nitric oxide (NO) may function as both an intracellular and intercellular signal that affects neural and immunological activity, vascular tone, platelet adhesion, and production of some hormones. Arginine analogs such as NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) and N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) act to inhibit the(More)
In this study, the protective effect of Polygalae root was evaluated in a murine model of experimental colitis by intrarectal injection with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS). Polygalae root, given orally at 2, 4 g/kg body weight of herbs once a day consecutively for 9 days, could recover the lost body weight and decrease the gross rectal bleeding.(More)
We have reported that an aqueous extract from the flowers of Inula britannica L. subsp. japonica Kitam. (IB) prevented immunologically induced experimental hepatitis in mice and suggested that the antihepatitic effect of IB is due to inhibition of IFN-gamma production. We then investigated the effects of IB on diabetes in mice induced by multiple low doses(More)
The anti-inflammatory effect of three flavonoids from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis (baicalein, baicalin and wogonin) was evaluated in a murine model of acute experimental colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). Baicalein, but not baicalin or wogonin, given orally at 20 mg/kg for ten days, ameliorates all the considered inflammatory symptoms(More)
We evaluated the immunological effects of a Kampo (Chinese) prescription Hochuekki-to (TJ-41) for 32 weeks and 1 week prophylactically in mice, The splenic natural killer cells (NK) of C57BL/6N mice prophylactically treated with TJ-41 for 32 weeks showed little enhanced cytotoxicity against NK-sensitive YAC-1 targets, but mice treated for 1 week showed(More)
It has traditionally been known in Asian countries that the Astragali and Hedysari roots have similar beneficial effects. They have been applied in clinical practice for immunological diseases, we investigated their effects on specific antibody production, B cells and T cells in BALB/c mice immunized with ovalbumin (OVA). Both the Astragali and Hedysari(More)
In this study, we investigated the effects of Inula Britannica on the production of antibodies against ovalbumin, and the differentiation of T cells, in C57BL/6 mice. The oral administration of Inula Britannica suppressed IL-4 and IL-6 production in lymphocytes collected from an inguinal lymph node in the immunized leg. On the other hand, the(More)
We previously found that ingestion of an extract of Ninjin-to (NJT; Ren-Shen-Tang) suppressed the development of autoimmune diabetes in C57BL/KsJ mice induced by multiple low doses of streptozotocin. To verify this effects on spontaneous autoimmune diabetes, the effects of NJT on NOD mice were investigated in the present study. NJT, provided in drinking(More)
In this study, we investigated the effect of Rauwolfia radix on heat shock protein (HSP) 70 expression and cytotoxicity against tumor cells in activated human T cells. When activated T cells were cultured with Rauwolfia radix for 18 h, HSP70 expression after heat shock was remarkably increased, and cytotoxicity against T98G tumor cells was augmented.(More)