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KCNQ channels belong to a family of potassium ion channels with crucial roles in physiology and disease. Heteromers of KCNQ2/3 subunits constitute the neuronal M channels. Inhibition of M currents, by pathways that stimulate phospholipase C activity, controls excitability throughout the nervous system. Here we show that a common feature of all KCNQ channels(More)
The subjective feeling of cold is mediated by the activation of TRPM8 channels in thermoreceptive neurons by cold or by cooling agents such as menthol. Here, we demonstrate a central role for phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P(2)) in the activation of recombinant TRPM8 channels by both cold and menthol. Moreover, we show that Ca(2+) influx(More)
Activation of several inwardly rectifying K(+) channels (Kir) requires the presence of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P(2)). The constitutively active Kir2.1 (IRK1) channels interact with PtdIns(4,5)P(2) strongly, whereas the G-protein activated Kir3.1/3.4 channels (GIRK1/GIRK4), show only weak interactions with PtdIns(4,5)P(2). We(More)
Previously we demonstrated the presence of InsP3R-I, -II and -III subtypes in the zona glomerulosa. Now we have examined the expression of different subtypes of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) in the inner zones of rat adrenal cortex. RNA extracted from decapsulated adrenal tissue (zonae fasciculata-reticularis and the medulla) or from(More)
The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase,(More)
Two-pore (2-P) domain potassium channels are implicated in the control of the resting membrane potential, hormonal secretion, and the amplitude, frequency and duration of the action potential. These channels are strongly regulated by hormones and neurotransmitters. Little is known, however, about the mechanism underlying their regulation. Here we show that(More)
We compared the effect on mitochondrial NAD(P)H formation of calcium release from intracellular stores with that of calcium influx from the extracellular space. Simultaneous measurements of cytoplasmic free calcium ion concentration and mitochondrial NAD(P)H were performed on fura-PE3-loaded single rat adrenal glomerulosa cells. The effects of equipotent(More)
We examined the effect of the depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores on Ca2+ influx in rat glomerulosa cells. Depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores was achieved by inhibiting sarco/endoplasmic reticulumtype Ca(2+)-ATPase with thapsigargin or 2,5,di-(t-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (t-BHQ). Both inhibitors induced a sustained rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+(More)
The concept that voltage-dependent Ca2+ influx is essential in the aldosterone stimulating action of angiotensin II (AII) has been recently challenged by the demonstration of the dihydropyridine (DHP) insensitive 'capacitative' Ca2+ uptake mechanism. The DHP-sensitivity of AII-induced aldosterone secretion is still to be explained. In rat glomerulosa cells(More)
Experimental observations on rat glomerulosa cells inspired a model which postulates that plasmalemmal dihydropyridine receptors are in juxtaposition and interaction with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors in subplasmalemmal calciosomes. Activation of dihydropyridine receptors promotes the Ca2+ releasing effect of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. The most(More)
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